The majority of life is misery

UN: In Darfur the people live in the greatest misery in the world

Up to a million people in Sudan have been fleeing violence, torture, robbery and murder for a year. Black Africans are being driven out and hunted down by Arab Janjawid militias. On the border between Sudan and Chad, in the province of Darfur, the refugees live in camps made up of makeshift grass huts that offer little protection against the rain.

In addition to fear and hopelessness, diseases dominated life in Darfur, according to "Doctors of the World". "Due to the interplay of exhausting flight, malnutrition and completely inadequate hygienic circumstances, the inadequate medical care and the very limited access to clean drinking water, there are more diarrhea, malaria, measles, infections of the eyes and the respiratory tract, and the risk of epidemics is increasing all the time. "

UNICEF estimates that 20 percent of the refugees are children under the age of five. One in five of them is malnourished. Ten to 15 small children die every day. UNICEF even fears that cholera could break out.

In the Sudanese refugee camps, people are being held by the government. Until recently, they had next to no access to international aid. That has changed, the government is now allowing international aid.

Many German aid organizations are also active in Darfur. The German Red Cross (DRK) maintains a mobile health station in the city of El Fasher. The six-person team has already treated more than 3,000 patients here. According to the DRK, around 200 patients come every day. A 24-hour service would be necessary, but is not possible as there is a curfew in Sudan from 10 p.m.

In addition, DRK workers distributed high-protein food bars to malnourished toddlers in a refugee camp near the city, where 45,000 to 50,000 people have found refuge. The DRK flew 35 tons of these energy bars to El Fasher last week. The supplies last for three weeks.

The German Malteser Aid Service is active in the area south of El Fasher. Four basic health kits containing antibiotics, anti-malarial drugs, pain relievers and bandages, as well as three obstetrics kits have been distributed. The medical material was provided by UNICEF. In addition, the Maltese are preparing the establishment of an extensive basic health program for the people in the Shingil Tobaya region.

The organization "Doctors Without Borders" has been providing aid in the region since the end of 2003. Around 120 international and 2000 Sudanese employees work there.

The WHO is also involved in Darfur. WHO employees have vaccinated children against measles, for example.

But the help is far from enough. The United Nations only appealed to the world earlier this week to keep donating. There is not enough food, water and medical help in the refugee camps. Access becomes more and more difficult with the rainy season. In Darfur there is the greatest misery in the world.