Angels have the Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit is the power of God that allows Christians to surpass themselves.

Christians are baptized in the names of God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are three modes of God. The fact that the one God appears to people in three ways is also summarized with the word trinity

In the Bible, the Holy Spirit is mentioned in both the Old and New Testaments. The Hebrew word for spirit is ruach and originally means "wind" or "breath". In the Old Testament, the Spirit of God is a force that proceeds from God. She creates life (Genesis 1: 2) and sustains it (Genesis 1: 2; Psalm 104: 29-30). More about the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament.

With the prophets, the spirit plays a major role when it comes to the future and about God establishing his rule. For example, the prophet Ezekiel says that the Spirit of God will dwell in all people (Ezekiel 36:26). Isaiah is about the Messiah, the Messenger of God who redeems the world. It is said of him: "On him shall rest the Spirit of the Lord, the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, the Spirit of counsel and strength, the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord" (Isaiah 11: 2 [KC2]) . For Christians, these promises were fulfilled in Jesus Christ.

In the New Testament, the Holy Spirit is mentioned in birth and baptismal stories. According to the Gospel of Mark 1:10, Jesus was given it at baptism. The Christmas stories in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke even tell that Jesus was begotten of the Spirit.

The Gospels also report that the risen Jesus Christ passed the Spirit on to his disciples (Luke 24:49; John 14:16 and 15:26). The story of Pentecost also tells of this event (Acts 2).

The Spirit enables the disciples to tell about Jesus and his resurrection and to pass on the faith (Acts 2: 4). The Spirit also gives various gifts, most notably love (1 Corinthians 13).

In the so-called baptismal command (Matthew 28:19), the Bible mentions the baptismal formula “Father, Son and Holy Spirit” for the first time. The Nicene-Constantinople Creed of 381, the so-called Nicene, defined the baptismal formula as the Trinity of God.

For Martin Luther it is the Holy Spirit who gives faith. For Luther, the Holy Spirit worked through the word of God. Only where the good news of Jesus Christ is preached or read can the Holy Spirit work.

Further content and links

  • ask

    How do you recognize the work of the Holy Spirit?

    Answer: People experience community. You grow beyond yourself and behave selflessly and courageously in decisive situations. Many Christians interpret this as the work of the Holy Spirit. But it is also clear: one can neither hold on to nor prove the Holy Spirit. Christians do not know how it works, they are only certain that it works. In doing so, they refer to the Bible, which tells of the work of the Holy Spirit. Christians believe that God continues to work in the world through the Holy Spirit and that he does so especially in baptism and at the Lord's Supper.

    Do Christians Really Only Believe in One God?

    Answer: Yes. For Christians, the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are three ways in which one God comes into relationship with people. Jews and Muslims distance themselves from this understanding of God and emphasize the unity of God - also in the choice of his self-revelation.

  • discussion

    Reflecting on the Holy Spirit has become more important again in Protestant theology in recent decades. On the one hand, this has to do with the Pentecostal movement, which strongly emphasizes the work of the Holy Spirit in its ranks. On the other hand, however, also with an in-depth dialogue with the Orthodox Church. There, too, the Holy Spirit is not only bound to the Word of God, but works independently in people's lives. Protestant theologians like Jürgen Moltmann and Michael Welker have taken up this thought. For them the spirit is a force of God that is creatively active, a creative force. However, they emphasize that the work of the Holy Spirit can only be seen in connection with the other two “persons” of the Trinity, that is, with Father and Son . And: Despite the gifts of the Spirit, people remain limited in their possibilities. Christ alone overcame human limitations, sin and death.

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