What do people's skills involve

Key competencies: These 4 are crucial

When it comes to a new job, applicants pay particular attention to the hard skills in job advertisements, i.e. what professional training is required, what qualifications are expected. Next to it is a number of Key competencies relevant, under which some cannot imagine much. These skills are too abstract because they were not always part of a curriculum beforehand. And sometimes applicants already subconsciously have them. We explain what is meant by key competencies and introduce the four most important ones ...

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Key Competencies Definition: What is it?

Key competencies - as the term suggests - are knowledge and skills that you can use Doors to other areas open up. They go beyond the purely technical knowledge that you have acquired in school, in the course of your training or studies.

These skills are by no means restricted to a specific industry or specific professions. Rather, it is about competencies that you can use across jobs and beyond the professional help in other situations.

At the same time they are difficult to measure. Some of them are summarized under the term soft skills and are particularly evident in everyday interaction:

  • How do I approach other people?
  • How do I behave in conflict situations?
  • How do I develop new work content?
  • How do I react to changes?

The development of key competencies thus makes a decisive contribution holistic personality development of people at. Acquiring them is particularly important against the backdrop of a world that is changing ever faster.

That requires one Adaptation of the individual to the new conditions. This is exactly where these skills come into play, because they are the tools you need for lifelong learning.

Without the necessary key skills, workers will have difficulty finding themselves, for example new expertise learn to respond to new conditions in the work environment. In doing so, they make a decisive contribution to surviving on the job market and building on success.

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What are the key competencies?

The idea that key competencies are of great importance for future employees already has a considerable history. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has recognized that these are important knowledge and skills in high school students more promoted Need to become.

Since then, educational institutions such as schools and universities have made greater efforts to convey this to their learners. What is it specifically about? Depending on the categorization, there are sometimes three, four or five key competencies.

We break down key competencies into four main areasto which several sub-areas belong. Taken together, it makes up a person's ability to act.

The four main areas and a list of typical competencies are as follows:

  • Social skills

    Anyone who has social skills can react to other people depending on the situation. He masters the exchange of information and maintains social contacts. This includes a basic willingness to communicate and the ability to communicate appropriately, for example in the event of a conflict. This key qualification enables smooth cooperation and contributes to a good working atmosphere. The decisive factor here is not that conflicts are prevented in every case, but that there is a general willingness to resolve them constructively. This includes:

  • Personality competence

    This key competence is also known as human or personal competence. What is a person's attitude towards work, what are their views on the world and how does one see himself? Personality competence means that someone can critically examine their personal attitudes in self-reflection. This enables a realistic assessment of the strengths and weaknesses. This, in turn, is crucial for building self-confidence and motivations to develop further. This includes:

  • Professional competence

    Much more specific than methodological competence is specialist or subject competence. This is understood to mean skills that affect the organization and the workplace-specific processes and tasks of a job. At school, children learn certain subject-specific methods that lay the foundation for future professional skills. This involves both theoretical and practical knowledge. These are a prerequisite for learning at vocational schools and universities. This includes:

    • General knowledge
    • broad basic knowledge
    • subject-specific theoretical knowledge
    • interdisciplinary thinking
    • Foreign language skills
    • native speaker competence
    • political knowledge
    • psychological knowledge
    • Computer knowledge
    • Legal knowledge
    • special expertise
    • Business knowledge
    • scientific methods
  • Methodological competence

    The method competence is interdisciplinary. It describes the general knowledge about what is necessary for the acquisition and analysis of further specialist knowledge. This includes, for example, the basic arithmetic operations, reading and writing. Everything that helps to develop adequate solution strategies for problems and to implement them accordingly. This key qualification is thus also shown in the knowledge of where something can be researched in order to get ahead. This includes:

How do i get it?

Anything that is summarized under key competencies can be different depending on the situation and be a matter of rating. The competencies listed above are considered valuable by various educational institutions, but are far from complete.

For example, the demands placed on managers are different from those placed on employees. A job with a lot of customer contact requires different key skills than one without. Hence like other properties are considered important competencies that are not listed here.

In general, the importance of key competencies should not be underestimated, because applicants will always come to the point where one or the other is in demand. But that's not a broken leg, because she can be acquired, in case you want it:

  • Open-mindedness

    The first requirement is willingness to learn - voilà - and you are right in the middle of the respective competencies. As mentioned at the beginning, most people have one from an early age certain basic equipmentwhich, with appropriate support, sometimes automatically leads to a multitude of key competencies that we are often not aware of. These include, for example, curiosity and the joy of discovery.

  • Reflective ability

    Just as unconsciously, many people ask themselves philosophical questions: Who am I? What I want? What is important to me What are my goals in life? It is precisely these questions that keep people looking for answers. Some do this through reading and research, others through discussions with friends and role models, and still others use a wide variety of options.

  • confrontation

    The term confrontation may sound a bit martial at first, but it means nothing other than that we are entering a certain situation. It doesn't have to be scary, but it doesn't have to be. Things and situations that appear challenging but are mastered lose their frightening effect. At the same time we grow with the challenges. If you don't like going out alone, you could try going to the cinema alone, for example.

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