What is a labor strike

Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess

Dispute between employees and employers
Employees and employers negotiate the amount of wages and salaries and working hours. If they cannot come to an agreement, a labor dispute can ensue. Then employees can stop working for a certain period of time. This is a strike. (The word comes from the English word "to strike", which means "push" or "hit".) This is the way workers and employees want to get their demands through. They want to put the employer under pressure, because if there is no work, the company cannot earn anything during this time. Pickets at the gates of the factories prevent employees willing to work from reaching their place of work.
The role of the trade unions

Most of the time, a strike is organized by the trade unions. However, they must have exhausted all possibilities beforehand in order to come to an agreement with the employers. If the negotiations have failed, the members of the trade unions decide in a so-called "strike vote" whether they want to strike. Strikes can only take place if the majority agrees.

There are other ways for workers and employees to put pressure on employers. For example, if work is stopped for only one or two hours, it is called a "warning strike". A warning strike can take place during collective bargaining and without a ballot. Work stoppages that are not organized by the unions are known as "wildcat strikes". You are illegal. Often one also hears of "priority strikes". Then workers only stop working in particularly important companies. In the case of a “slow strike”, the work is done very slowly. In a "general strike" people strike across the country to force certain decisions. In Germany, however, the general strike is only allowed in very limited exceptional cases.

Other strikes

There are also strikes that have nothing to do with a labor dispute: a “sit-in” strike is usually a political demonstration. With a “hunger strike”, for example, prisoners want to enforce better prison conditions.