Who is the daughter of Lord Shiva
Parvati (Sanskrit: पार्वती pārvatī f.) literally: "belonging to the mountains", "daughter of the mountain (Parvata)", meaning the mountain Himavat or the Himalayas, name of Śiva's wife; Epithet of Durga; Mountain river; Indian frankincense (Shallaki); Woodfordia fruticosa (Dhataki); a kind of pepper; the plant (Jivani); a certain fragrant type of earth; a cowherdess.
Parvati is the wife of Lord Shiva and mother of Ganesha and Subrahmanya. She is also considered the goddess of food. Legend has it that her husband told her everything he knew about hatha yoga and that she fell asleep while doing it. It is only thanks to the sage Matsyendranath, who had turned into a fish to overhear the conversation, that the knowledge of Hatha Yoga nevertheless came to the people.
Parvati पार्वती pārvatī pronunciation
Here you can hear how the Sanskrit word parvati, पार्वती, pārvatī is pronounced:
Swami Sivananda on Parvati
Excerpt from Swami Sivananda's book Lord Shiva and His Worship
O Devi! You auspicious, giver of success and prosperity, we bow to you! Bring peace and friendship to this earth and protect us with your loving compassion!
The daughter of the King of Parvatas, Himavan is Parvati. She is the wife or Shakti of Shiva. It is the matrix of the universe. She reveals Brahman. She is not only the "Loka Mata", the "Mother of the Worlds", but also "Brahma Vidya". One of their names is Shivajnana Pradayini. It is also called Shivaduti, Shivaradhya, Shivamurti and Shivankari.
The grace of the Devi is an essential factor in gaining knowledge of God. Parvati or Shakti is all in all. You have to awaken the Shakti through yoga. Then the grace of Shakti will lead you to the knowledge of God, to final liberation and to eternal supreme bliss.
The famous story of Parvati is told in detail in the Mahesvara Kanda of the Skanda Purana. Sati, the daughter of Daksha Prajapati, the son of Brahma, was married to Shiva. Daksha didn't like his son-in-law because of his strange shape, behavior, and habits. Daksha performed a sacrificial ceremony. He did not invite his daughter or son-in-law. Sati felt offended and went to her father and asked him about it. He gave her an unpleasant answer. Sati got angry. She no longer wanted to be called his daughter. She preferred to sacrifice her body to the fire and be reborn as Parvati in order to marry Shiva. She kindled fire with her yogic power and destroyed herself in this Yogagni.
Shiva sent Virabhadra. He destroyed the victim and drove out all the devas who had gathered there. Daksha's head was severed and thrown into the fire. At Brahma's behest, Shiva had a goat's head placed on Daksha's body.
Shiva went to the Himalayas to do penance and asceticism. AsuraTaraka had the blessing of Brahma that he would only die at the hands of the son of Shiva and Parvati. So the devas asked Himavan to accept Sati as his daughter. Himavan agreed. Sati was reborn as Parvati, the daughter of Himavan. She served and paid homage to Shiva during his penance. Shiva married Parvati.
Narada came to Kailasa and saw Shiva and Parvati with a body, half male, half female in the form of Ardhanarisvara. He wanted to see her game of dice. Shiva said he won the game. Parvati said she was the winner. There was an argument. Shiva left Parvati and went to repent. Parvati took the form of a huntress and met Shiva. Shiva fell in love with the slayer. He went with her to her father to get his approval for the marriage. Narada informed Shiva that the huntress was Parvati. Narada ordered Parvati to apologize to Shiva. They were reunited.
Shiva took the form of Arunachala hill as a linga. He tamed the pride of Brahma and Vishnu, who argued about who was the greater. Arunachala is a Tejolinga. Parvati saw Shiva as Arunachala Isvara. Shiva took Parvati back to his side and made her Ardhanari again.
Asura Taraka strongly oppressed the devas. Mahi Sagara Sangama Kshetra was his remedy. Subrahmanya, the second son of Parvati, killed Asura on the seventh day of his birth.
To her delight, Parvati gave birth to a child with the face of an elephant. It was Ganesha. He became the deity who removes obstacles for all beings. One day Shiva offered a reward to one of his children who would go around the world first. Subrahmanya immediately set out to go around the world. Ganesha circled his father Shiva, the Maha Linga, who includes the whole universe, and received the reward.
Parvati had dark skin. One day Shiva made a teasing remark about the color of her skin. She was deeply struck by Shiva's remark. She went to the Himalayas for tapas. She got a beautiful skin color and was called Gauri from then on. By Brahma's grace, Gauri came to Shiva as Ardhanarisvara.
One day Parvati came up behind Shiva and covered his eyes. The whole universe lost life and light. Shiva ordered Parvati to repent to make up for her stupidity. She went to Kanchi (Kanjivaram) and paid rigorously. Shiva created a flood. The Shiva Linga whom Parvati worshiped was on the verge of being swept away. She clung to the linga. The linga remained in this place as Ekambarenvara. She stayed there as Kamakshi for the good of the world.
Parvati is always united with Shiva as Shakti. She is the divine mother of this universe. She brings wisdom and grace to her followers and unites them with God. Hail Parvati and Shiva, the true parents of all beings.
Sukadev on Parvati
Transcription of a lecture video (2014) by Sukadev about Parvati
Parvati - "the one descending from the mountain" or "coming from the mountain", name of Shiva's wife. "Parvata" means mountain. What is meant is the largest mountain in the world, the largest mountain range, the Himalayas, also known as "Himavan". "Himavan" is the god of the Himalayas. Or one can also say that the protective being of the Himalayas is called "Himavan". And Himavan had a daughter and this daughter was called Parvati, because she came from Parvata, the mountain. So Parvati is the one who comes from the mountain.
There is a long story of how Parvati got into this world, and you can find a lot about it on the Yoga Vidya pages. All you have to do is look for "Parvati". We also have new videos about it or we have videos about the story of how Shiva and Parvati got married, how Parvati and Shiva had children, etc. I just want to tell you in a nutshell here:
In an earlier age Shiva lived before and he had a wife named Sati. The sati got burned after there were difficulties with her father and then lived on as Shakti, as cosmic energy in a subtle form. Then there was a demon and this demon, an Asura, who drove the angels out of heaven and took control of the earth. And only a son of Shiva could defeat him. So the devas wanted to ask Shiva to father a son, but Shiva only meditated. So they thought, "What can we do?"
And so they prayed to the cosmic Shakti and said: “Oh please, manifest yourself in a human form so that Shiva can find you and that you can have a child together. So Shakti, the cosmic energy, manifested itself as Parvati, as the daughter of Parvata, or also called Himavan. Parvati grew up to be a beautiful young woman. Now the devas thought it was time to connect Shiva with Parvati. But Shiva meditated. So the devas asked Kamadeva, the god of love, to send arrows into Shiva's heart so that he would be aflame in love for Parvati. But Shiva felt that something was there, but he just shook it off.
There's a longer story, I'll shorten it now. Parvati, who knew it was necessary for her to get together with Shiva and besides, she was now because she was part of Shiva anyway - Shiva and Shakti belong together - she had a great love for Shiva. And so she wanted to connect with Shiva. Since Shiva mainly meditated, she also meditated and did pranayama, she practiced pujas, she worshiped God. And so Shiva became aware of her, and he noticed that this is his second half and so Shiva and Parvati connected. They married on the holy Subrahmanya night and so a relationship developed that was very motley.
There were phases when Shiva just continued meditating. There were phases when Shiva and Parvati were closely embraced and tender to one another. There were phases when Parvati taught Shiva something while other people listened to hear about this discourse and learn techniques. And conversely, there were phases where Shiva told the Parvati something, and again there were masters around them who learned techniques in the process. Many of the tantras, i.e. these ancient scriptures, are written as a dialogue between Shiva and Parvati.
Shiva and Parvati had several children: Subrahmanya, also called Skanda, Muruga, Sharavanabhava and Karttikeya. That was one and he defeated the demon afterwards. Ganesha is particularly well known. Ganesha had an elephant head. And there are many stories as to why Ganesha had the elephant head. Some are a bit brutal, I like the following story best: Shiva and Parvati were often very tender with each other, closely embraced. And somewhere the other gods and devas, angelic beings, didn't like it that much. And Shiva and Parvati were so full of love that they thought: "Okay, if that is not appropriate as gods, then we will simply manifest ourselves in animal form."
And so Shiva and Parvati manifested themselves as elephants. And as elephants, they could freely express their love. And while Shiva and Parvati were making love, a messenger came and said: “Oh Shiva and Parvati, you are needed.” And in the next moment Shiva and Parvati changed back into their other form, but Parvati was already at that moment got pregnant. And so a son named Ganesha came into being, who was half an elephant, namely with an elephant's head and a human body. And this is how Ganesha is embodied, one can say, on the one hand, a consequence of the love of Shiva and Parvati, but also a compassion and a sense of responsibility. And he embodies wisdom, he embodies love and also embodies enjoyment.
So, you see, Parvati has so many different aspects. Parvati - the one who came from the mountain. Parvati, sometimes translated as “the white one”, because it is a particularly white mountain. And Parvata is a mountain, but especially a snow-capped mountain, a white mountain. So another meaning of Parvati is “the white one” and thus “the pure one”.
Stories about Parvati
From Dr. Nalini Sahay retold stories from the Puranas. Dr. Nalini Sahay lives in Delhi. She decided to write this story as an attempt at e-book publishing. In her introduction she explains: "It was surprising that the folk and tribal artists dealt with the facts so easily and were able to illustrate them." She believes the stories are significant and plans to continue further excerpts.
Parvati, mother of the universe
The milk of maternal goodness poured out on Parvati. She never allowed herself to forget that she was a mother in the first place and that all creatures in the world were born of a mother. In her previous incarnation as Uma, which means "mother of the universe", Shiva decided to test her.
Uma was in samadhi (immersion in enlightenment) and nothing could disturb her. The whims of the weather, the roar of the lions, the trumpets of the elephants - left them unimpressed. But suddenly there was a whimpering sound of a baby in distress. Uma opened her eyes and ran as fast as a deer towards the sound.
A crocodile had the baby in its mouth and was about to dive into the water. Uma folded her hands and began to worship the crocodile, letting go of the baby. The alligator looked at her contemptuously and announced that she would receive this bare baby in exchange for Shiva's hand as a sacrificial fine. Parvati shook her head speechless, the tears flowed down her cheeks, her eyes were closed. Suddenly there was no baby, no crocodile and no more water basin. Shiva stood in front of Uma, splendidly dressed. She looked questioningly, he said to stop crying because it was just a test, an illusion.
He had tested her spirituality. He wanted to make sure she was still a compassionate human being in the first place. She even forgot the gain of her own enlightenment. Shiva's hand was a sufficient testimony. She was ready to sacrifice anything to save the baby's life.
Parvati, Shiva and the purifying power of the Ganga
How did Parvati take the name of a man?
Durgam was a demon who terrorized the world. Rivers had changed their course, there were floods. All rituals were interrupted. The gods had to leave their heavenly home and live in the woods. The wives of the wise had to sing hymns of praise in Durgam. Durgam could do all of this because he had prayed to Brahma for years. His reward was that he was given great power. He was ruler of the world through tyranny. He was a bad man and even the stars were afraid to shine. He had a malicious trait and spent his time tormenting nature. There were no more seasons. There were mangoes in winter and apples in summer. The gods were in need. So they went to Shiva and asked for his help. Surya wept that his luster had been taken from him. Vayu howled that the wind was no longer blowing at his command. Shiva was moved by her problems and asked Parvati to support her. She accepted this without hesitation and decided to destroy Durgam.
Her plan was to take it step by step, because Durgam was not only strong but also very smart. She sent Kalaratri, an extraordinary young beauty, who laid many of Durgam's soldiers ashes. But Durgam could not be outwitted and sent a band of giants to secure the surface of the earth. Kalaratri was terrified and fled into Parvati's arms, pursued by the giants. Durgam followed the giants. A fight was inevitable. As they got closer, Parvati grew a hundred arms and she produced a number of magical weapons. She hurled these at the army and at Durgam. She was invincible, and at one point she put her left foot on Durgam's chest. But he managed to break free and continued the flow of his missiles. Parvati made more soldiers out of her body to continue this fight.
Durgam changed shape into a huge elephant, but Parvati dismembered it with her nails, which were like sabers. Then he turned into a huge buffalo, but Parvati did not get discouraged. She fought him with her trident. Anyway, Durgam had one final ace conversion up his sleeve. He became a giant with a thousand arms with a gun in each hand. Parvati, undaunted, picked him up and hurled him to the ground. This diabolical case didn't hurt him. So she pierced his heart with a heavenly arrow and he died. From that day on, this side of Parvati is known as Durga, who fights evil in order to maintain the natural order.
Parvati in the radiance of Annapurna
Parvati, the perfect woman
Parvati had won Shiva's love through her intelligence, discernment, and repentance. She always remained his equal. They were very much in love, but their arguments also shook the universe. Vishnu and Brahma would consult with their consorts about their stormy relationship. Parvati was a child of innocence, which was very much in keeping with the atmosphere of the Kailash caves. But one day Shiva got tired of these harmless leisure pursuits and went away to meditate. Parvati felt lost and terribly bored. She also missed her daily dice game, her trips to Nandi and the preparation for his evening meal and smoking.
Vishnu, her husband's best friend, gave her the tip to adorn herself like a Banjaran woman in bright colors and with pearls and to sing and dance in front of Shiva. Shiva was so distracted by the clinking of pearls, the scent of sandalwood, roses and music that he opened his eyes and smiled. Parvati led him, drunk with love, back to the Kailash.
How Shiva and Parvati got married
Parvati, the goddess of many
A long time ago Shiva said to Parvati, “Everything is an illusion. The nature, the objects, and even the food is only Maya (illusion).Parvati, the goddess of material wealth, felt attacked. She disappeared from the world to challenge Shiva and the others without letting life continue to function.
Chaos followed in the universe. The tides and the seasons did not move in their natural rhythm. The earth became a wasteland. Gods, demons and humans went hungry because there was no food. Even Shiva felt the pain of hunger. Then he heard that Parvati was in Kashi to distribute food in a kitchen.
Hungry, like every other living being, he hurried to Kashi to be served by Parvati. As he held his bowl to her, he admitted that the material world could not be ignored as an illusion. Having succeeded in getting her way, Parvati gave her husband something to eat with his own hand and with a smile. From then on she was known as Annapoorna, the goddess of food.
A life on the move
Parvati repented greatly in order to marry Shiva. But there was also a strange side to their married life, as Shiva was an ascetic at heart. He didn't want a place as home. So they hiked through great valleys, camped on the banks of rivers, sometimes they slept in the caves to seek refuge from the cold, they made campfires when they hiked over mountains. All this time, Parvati longed for a home - a place where she could raise her two children, Ganesha and Kartikeya, and take care of Shiva's large breed of animals, his bull Nandi, peacocks, rats, lions. And to entertain his servants and the ascetics who followed him, with whom he talked late into the night to learn and teach the secrets of the universe.
In the end it was her will. But Shiva warned her that he was suffering from the curse of Shani (Saturn). If he built a house, it would crumble over and over again when he blows his horn. Parvati built her palace by the waters of the Mansarover with a view of the snowfields of the Kailash. There was no limit to their joy. One day Shiva went to visit the crafty Shani. Shani greeted him and congratulated him on his new home in the mountains of Kailash. He said he was about to do arati (light ceremony) for Vishnu and whether Shiva wanted to attend him. Shiva did so.
The Arati ceremony proceeded as Shani turned to Shiva and blew his great conch horn. Without a thought of the curse, Shiva did likewise and when he got home he found his home in ruins and Parvati in deep grief. Once again Shiva decided to build a place for his family, this time a really impressive palace.
Designed by Vishwakarma, erected by the ganas (serving spirits of Shiva), it stood in an open space, gleaming like nothing before. At the opening ceremonies, Ravana came, a very educated man, so perfect in his achievements that all the priests bowed to him to accompany him to Havana. When the festivities ended, Parvati was so pleased that she asked Ravana to accept any dakshana (gift) and she would do anything to make it happen. Despite all his great education, Ravana was arrogant and greedy. He couldn't stand Shiva having such a perfect home, so he asked about it. Since then, Shiva and Parvati have lived a life on the move. If they visit you, make sure you recognize them and make a wish.
How Parvati became Gauri
The legend of Parvati and Shiva tells the story in which Shiva insults his wife and it ends in a quarrel. Brahma later intervenes to solve the problem. The legend of Parvati and Shiva tells of the story in which Shiva mocks the deity.
One day when Shiva and Parvati were talking to each other, Shiva jokingly said to Parvati that he looked so beautiful while she was dark-skinned. And when she hugged him, it would look like a snake wrapped around a sandalwood tree. When Parvati was approached in such an outrageous way by her husband while she was hugging him, she left him and became very angry. Her eyes went red with anger and she said that if you were to mock others through your own fault, you are sure to encounter negative situations. She became very depressed at being mocked by her husband in this way and reflected on severe deprivations. Parvati went to the forest to indulge in hardship and put an end to her life. She wanted to be redeemed by such a devious husband.
When Shiva heard her words, he tried to comfort Parvati, but she did not give in and left her husband's home. Eventually Brahma intervened and changed Parvati's skin color. She was then called "Gauri". This immediately ended their argument, and the divine couple lived happily together afterwards.
Parvati and Vishnu
The legend of Vishnu's instigation by Parvati tells of the goddess who asked for Vishnu's help to desecrate the purity of Vrinda so that Shiva could win in the fight against Jalandhara. The legend of Vishnu's instigation by Parvati tells of the goddess who helps Shiva win a battle against Jalandhara. The curse of Vrinda is mentioned in the Skanda Purana, the Shiva Purana and several other texts.
According to legend, there was once a very powerful demon named Jalandhara. He challenged Shiva to fight him. The fight lasted for a long time, but despite the use of all his strength, Shiva could not defeat the demon. Jalandhara was protected by the purity of his wife Vrinda. Parvati stepped in to solve the problem. She instigated Vishnu to desecrate the purity of Vrinda. Vishnu let two of his guards Jaya and Vijaya help him and went to Vrinda. With its help, he violated her purity.
Eventually Shiva was able to defeat the demon on the battlefield. When Vrinda later learned that she had been tricked by Vishnu, she cursed him in anger: his own wife would be kidnapped by two guards in the form of demons. Thus the curse (in the Tattvasangraha Ramayana) of Vrinda became a reality in the abduction of Sita.
The spiritual name Parvati
Parvati is a spiritual name given to aspirants who have the mantra "Om namah Shivaya". Parvati is the one who descends from Parvata and comes from Parvata. Parvata means mountains, means mountain, also means snow mountains.
It is sometimes said that Parvati means “the wise”, “the pure”, “the radiant”. It is the one that comes from the mountains. Parvati is the wife of Shiva. It is a manifestation of Shakti, the kind aspect of Durga. Parvati symbolizes purity and pure love.
Parvati in the tantras is Shiva's interlocutor. And she asks him about salvation, meditation and yoga.
Parvati is the one who taught Shiva and was taught by Shiva. The conversations between Parvati and Shiva are the foundations of the great tantra scriptures in which the great spiritual techniques are explained.
When your name is Parvati it is meant to mean be regular in your spiritual practices. Be aware, the world, with all its distractions, with all its beautiful and not-so-beautiful things, is not your home. You come from the mountains, from the divine self, from the higher planes. You have now come into this world to learn something, to fulfill your missions, to do good.
Be in the world, be not of the world. And again and again in meditation make yourself aware: You are the immortal self. And you belong to Shiva, to the Infinite, to the Eternal. And you are part of the infinite reality and truth. And you're in this world to serve a mission, not to get tangled up here.
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Parvati, Shiva and Matsyendra - mp3 lecture
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