Who is the next President of Paris in 2019

United Nations : USA officially cancel the Paris climate agreement

The administration of US President Donald Trump has initiated the process of withdrawing from the Paris climate agreement at the United Nations. The United States had informed the United Nations in writing of the planned exit, said US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

Pompeo justified the move with alleged disadvantages of the climate agreement for workers, companies and taxpayers in the United States. At the same time, the US would continue to propose a "realistic and pragmatic model" on the climate issue. The US would continue to work with partners "to strengthen resilience to the effects of climate change."

The climate skeptic Trump announced his country's exit two years ago. According to Article 28 of the Paris Climate Agreement, however, a signatory cannot formally apply for resignation until three years after the treaty's entry into force. The termination becomes effective again after the expiry of a period of another year. Trump's predecessor Barack Obama signed the Paris Climate Agreement exactly three years ago, on November 4, 2016.

The official exit can therefore only take place on November 4, 2020. That's one day after the next US president is elected. The exit will definitely happen, even if the Democrats come back to power in the election. The inauguration of a new president would not be until January of the following year. However, the US could return to the agreement at a later date.

France wants the agreement to be irreversible

French President Emmanuel Macron regretted the US decision. The move makes French-Chinese cooperation in the field of climate and biodiversity policy even more necessary, Macron said during a state visit to China.

According to the Élysée Palace, Macron and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping want to sign an agreement in Beijing on Wednesday that declares the "irreversible nature" of the Paris climate agreement.

Green MEP Jutta Paulus criticized Trump's "anti-climate policy" as weakening the competitiveness of the US economy. The EU must now take on more responsibility.

In the agreement, the international community agreed on the goal of limiting global warming to a controllable level of well below two degrees compared to the pre-industrial age, but if possible to 1.5 degrees. Decisive parts of the agreement are binding under international law. However, there are no penalties for failing to meet promises. 195 states are part of the agreement. The USA is - behind China - the second largest emitter of greenhouse gases.

Criticism from US Democrats

Leading US Democrats have described the government's withdrawal as "shocking". The spokeswoman for the House of Representatives, the Democrat Nancy Pelosi, said that climate change is "the existential threat of our time" and endangers the health and well-being of all people. President Donald Trump is betraying the future of all children, she said.

The leading Senate Democrat Chuck Schumer spoke of a "dramatic step backwards" that would have negative effects on the environment, the economy and national security for decades. The US Senator Robert Menendez accused the Trump administration of having “turned its back on allies”, “turning a blind eye to the facts and further politicizing the greatest environmental challenge in world history”.

Former Vice President Al Gore also condemned the US exit declaration - but at the same time pointed out that a new president could rejoin the agreement within 30 days. "No person or party can stop our drive to solve the climate crisis," he said.

The deal was never popular with Trump's Republicans. The official resignation at the beginning of the long election campaign should therefore give the president a new impetus.