What is polyester used to make

What is polyester


polyester (PES) is an umbrella term for the group of Polymers. The name is made up of the words polymer and ester. These plastics are usually obtained from carboxylic acid by polycondensation or ring-opening polymerization. This synthesis is often followed by an azeotropic distillation, condensation, esterification, transesterification or another chemical reaction.

It is true chemistry behind the material is very complex, but the plastic has nonetheless become an integral part of everyday life for many years and is sold under many different trade names.

Even the plastic PET (Polyethylene terephthalate), from which films and bottles are mainly made, belongs to these categories of plastics. Few people know the correct name polyethylene terephthalate, but the abbreviation PET is quite common. PET or polyethylene terephthalate is processed as a thin film or foil during production, especially after it has been melted. However, PET or polyethylene terephthalate is also used to make polyesterFleece- Fabrics made. Also Polyester resins and polycarbonate are an industrially popular form.

In the meantime, however, polyester is primarily a synthetic one (Micro) textile fiber, which US researchers called it in the 1930s Alternative to silk was developed. The synthetic fiber was supposed to make the western market less dependent on Japanese silk deliveries. English researchers then made the fabric in the early 1940s heat resistant.

The first German fibers were the Trevira and Diolen fibers (brand names). Although the synthetic fiber also occurs in nature, today one thinks primarily of one synthetic fabric, or to resilient and elastic man-made fibers. Due to its easy-care and hard-wearing properties, microfibre is popular for the following items:

  • Fillings for pillows such as: decorative pillows, sofa pillows, pillows, neck support pillows, neck pillows, cuddly pillows or pillows for allergy sufferers
  • Fillings for blankets - the microfiber blanket
  • Plaids and bedspreads, cozy blankets, fur blankets and fleece blankets
  • Microfibre bed linen

There are different brands of plastic articles.

Polyester or cotton?

This question cannot be answered without further ado, since both have advantages and disadvantages. The material is suitable, for example, for Bedding very good as it has some advantages over cotton. The most important properties of the fabric for bedding are easy maintenance and the positive impact on that Sleeping environment. For example, the fabric is very easy to wash and quick to dry because of the polyester fiber three times finer than silk fibers and the pores are so small that it is difficult for water to penetrate. Sweat, on the other hand, can evaporate unhindered, which is particularly important when sweating at night. It is also softer and stores heat better than natural fibers. In addition, artificial polyester fibers do not offer a breeding ground for Mites and is therefore more hygienic than comparable bedding fabrics.

A polyester-cotton blend is called polycotton, which combines the advantages of both materials. Bed linen made of cotton and polyester, for example, is breathable and absorbent and brings the comfort of natural fibers with it. How you should wash a cotton-polyester mixture can be found on the respective care labels, but they can often be cleaned at 60 degrees.

Microfibre - polyester: difference and similarities

Microfiber is a synthetic product that is mostly made from polyester. This has the advantage that the fibers have thin pores and are therefore impermeable to water. In addition, polyester microfiber is comfortable on the skin and has a soft grip. This makes them suitable for outdoor clothing, blankets, pillows and bed linen.

Polyester clothing is also often found in fashion. The mixed fabric polyester-microfiber should be washed on a gentle cycle with liquid detergent.

10 tips and facts

Who Invented the Fiber?

As early as the 19th century, attempts were made to produce plastics from polyester, but only that was successful British John Rex Whinfield and J.T. Dickson 1941 the development.

How does the production work?

Since 1947 the material has been after industrial method produced. The fine thread is created by the melt spinning process. When exposed to heat, a melt which is then pressed through spinnerets, this is how the polyester fibers are created. The manufacture and processing of the chemical fiber is then used to produce textiles. The fibers can be given various shapes, for example a round or angular cross-section.

What are the properties of polyester?

The plastic has many positive properties. Polyester is easy to care for, easy to wash, dries quickly and transports moisture well, which is why it is suitable for bedding, bedclothes and mattress covers. Other properties of polyester are that it is soft and kind to the skin, and it can also store heat very well.

In addition, the fiber is fine and thin and therefore very easybut at the same time extremely durable. The material also has a high Dimensional stability and does not tend to wrinkle. Furthermore, the plastic has a high Strength and flexibility and is therefore tough and tear-resistant.

Where is polyester in? What is polyester used for?

Bedding such as blankets and pillows, bed linen or mattress covers are often made from polyester. The material is also used in polyester textiles Clothing area for women and men in a wide variety of forms, for example in suits, blouses, trousers, dresses or skirts.

The material is also used for clothing, accessories and equipment in the outdoor area. Fiber balls made of polyester are often used to fill pillows, as they are durable and suitable for allergy sufferers. Sleeping pillows with polyester hollow fiber balls make them particularly soft and have a high degree of fluff.

At how many degrees can you wash polyester?

How many degrees you can wash the material depends on the Composition and processing from. There are polyester fabrics that 60 ° C tolerated and those that can only be dry-cleaned (P on the care label). Most of the time you can 30 ° C on a gentle cycle to wash.

Polyester is generally easy to care for, but it is always advisable to follow the instructions on the care label before putting it in the washing machine. A polyester-cotton mixture can usually be cleaned at 60 ° C, but the care instructions must be observed here.

Polyester - which detergent can I use?

The choice of detergent also changes, depending on the types of polyester. Heavy duty detergent are suitable for products made of the material that can withstand high temperatures. Mild detergent should be used especially for colored textiles and those that can only tolerate low temperatures. In general, it is recommended to use softenerotherwise the fabric will quickly become statically charged.

However, it also depends on how the synthetic fiber is processed, at what temperatures it can be washed. A cotton-polyester mixture should be washed at gentle temperatures, and liquid detergent should be used, as this dissolves at low temperatures.

Why can't the plastic go into the dryer?

Polyester is very hard-wearing, but can only tolerate hot temperatures to a limited extent. In order for laundry to be dried in the dryer, hot air is blown inside. In order to allow the moisture to evaporate completely from the laundry, very high temperatures are necessary.

Depending on the type of dryer, different temperatures are used here. Exhaust air dryers work at an average of around 85-110 ° C, condenser dryers even at 100-125 ° C. At these temperatures, garments made of synthetic fibers partially shrink, which is why they are used do not put in the dryer should.

Can you iron polyester?

Basically yes - but since it can deform or even melt and stick when ironing at high temperatures, it is always advisable to pay attention to the care instructions on the care label.

Does the iron die Setting polyester, you can use them safely. In general, you should always have one for plastic low temperature use and place an ironing cloth underneath to protect the fabric. When ironing cotton-polyester fabric, you should also pay attention to the care instructions, as natural fibers, unlike synthetic fibers, can be ironed while hot.

Can you bleach polyester?

If you want to get gray plastic fibers nice and light again, normal bleach often doesn't help. Here you should use a special agent or bring the polyester textile straight to a professional cleaning service.

Do you sweat in polyester?

Since the fibers and pores of the plastic are very thin, water hardly penetrates. In addition, moisture is released into the environment, which prevents excessive sweating.

How can you dye polyester fabric?

Colors in polyester only remain on the surface and are not absorbed into the fiber (such as when dyeing cotton). Therefore, polyester fabric cannot be permanently dyed, at least not in the do-it-yourself process. You can have polyester dyed professionally by a dye works. The Printing of the material, for example by means of screen printing, is possible. You can only dye polyester fabrics to a limited extent.

Since polyester has properties that make the fabric more suitable for many tasks than other materials, it is very popular in many areas and also offers a large number Uses.

In the Wohnen.de shop you can buy furniture with polyester of different brands. Our service includes free shipping of all products and articles.