Why did you decide to study psychology?

The psychology degree: Study psychology as a B. Sc. & M. Sc.

Table of Contents

Prologue to the psychology degree

“Psychology is the science that deals with behavior and experience as well as their causes and effects. The task of psychology is on the one hand to record and explain behavior and experience, i.e. to determine the conditions of the environment and the organism on which behavior and experience depend in their respective forms. On the other hand, the task is to develop suggestions and instructions on how psychologically optimal conditions can be created and also to contribute to their realization "4This is how psychology studies at the University of Konstanz are defined.

You can first study psychology as a bachelor's degree in psychology. The B. Sc. Psychology studies are presented here using the example of the University of Konstanz. A Master of Science can also be placed on the Bachelor's degree in Psychology. At the University of Konstanz you can also study the master's degree in psychology, which will also be presented here.

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frequently asked Questions

Psychology is an empirical science that deals with the world of emotions and human behavior. So it deals with everything a person is, thinks, feels and how he acts accordingly. If you want to work in the field of psychology later, there is the option of one Studies.

in the Bachelor degree Psychology you will get to know some modules. From general psychology to biological psychology to developmental psychology. This also depends entirely on the university in question.

If you build on a master’s degree, you can often decide for yourself whether you choose a research-oriented or a practice-related focus.

Since the psychology course is mostly on Universities is offered, the prerequisite is a university entrance qualification in the form of the general Abitur. There are of course exceptions.

You should also note that due to the high popularity and the resulting high number of applicants, a numerus clausus (NC) is usually required.

As with most courses, the costs of studying psychology vary depending on the university or college. As this depends on the semester fees. If you're studying at a private college start, you have to reckon with a significantly higher sum per month.

Overview of the psychology studies (B. Sc.)

This overview provides the most important information you need if you want to study psychology. In the bachelor's degree in Psychology, the main thing is to know which degree you will receive in this degree, how many ECTS points have to be earned or how long the study period is.

Graduation:Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.)
Normal period:8 semesters
Admission restriction:Yes1

Since there are admission requirements to be able to study the bachelor's degree in psychology, you will find the most important requirements of the degree and what the admission restriction is all about.

Requirements & requirements

In order to be able to study psychology, most universities set requirements and prerequisites for applicants for psychology studies. Using the example of the University of Konstanz, we will explain to you what personal requirements you should meet for studying psychology and what requirements the university places on you.

Requirements for studying psychology

Before you really start applying to study psychology, you should clarify that studying psychology is right for you too. These questions can help you:1

  • Do you have a general interest in topics in psychology?
  • Are you basically ready to deal with the methods and experimental basics of psychology?
  • Would you describe your understanding of math as very good?
  • Do you have a good command of English?

If you answered “yes” to all of these questions, the chances are good that you are ideally suited for studying psychology. In addition to these personal requirements, the university also has requirements for you.

Requirements for studying psychology

The University of Konstanz only has a limited number of places in the psychology course. That is why there is a special selection process to determine who is allowed to study psychology here. The requirements for admission to study psychology include, first of all, a general university entrance qualification or an equivalent qualification.1

In addition, this selection process also includes determining the suitability and motivation of the applicant. Above all, this corresponds to the requirements that we have described above. The average grade of the last degree that qualifies for university studies is also relevant. The university then filters out the most qualified applicants from all applicants and can study psychology at the University of Konstanz.2

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Course of studies in psychology studies

The University of Konstanz presents the study structure for studying psychology as a Bachelor of Science as follows:3

semesterField of activityModules in psychology studiesECTS
1-4. FS.Basics of psychology methodologyIntroduction to applied psychology4
Biological psychology9
Developmental psychology11
Social psychology11
Perception and cognition11
Learning, emotion, motivation and memory11
Methods 18
Methods 211
Methods 38
Diagnostics and personality11
Non-psychological electivesNon-psychological electives9
5th FS.Half-year internshipCompulsory internship30
6-7. FS.Consolidation of the basic subjectsBasics in-depth

Scientific work8
Modules of the application branchesIntroduction to occupational and health psychology8
Clinical Psychology 18
Elective: 5 of 8 modulesMethods and diagnostics in occupational and health psychology8
Psychosocial factors of health and illness8
Health and work over the life span8
Selected topics in occupational and health psychology8
Clinical Psychology 28
Clinical Psychology 38
Neuropsychological basics8
Clinical neuropsychology8
8. FS.bachelor thesisResearch, present, write30

Psychology: career opportunities

The Bachelor in Psychology enables graduates of this degree program to enter professional life directly. The B. Sc. in psychology especially for the following professional fields:

  • "Therapeutic-clinical area, advice centers
  • educational / school area
  • scientific research, diagnostics, evaluation
  • Market, opinion and advertising research
  • Employee and organisation development"1

In order to be able to work as a psychotherapist, however, a master's degree in psychology is required as well as psychotherapy training. In the following, we therefore explain all the important contents of studying psychology for a master’s degree.1

Prologue to the Master in Psychology

After successfully completing a bachelor's degree, students can decide whether they want to start their professional life or go to the B. Sc. want to set up a consecutive master’s degree.

A master’s degree primarily serves to further specialize in a field of study and penetrates even further into the subject. A common course of study that ends with a Master of Science degree is the Master in Psychology (M. Sc.), Which is to be presented here with content, goals, procedure and admission requirements.

The study of psychology is described in more detail below using the example of the Master in Psychology (M. Sc.) At the University of Konstanz. The information is helpful for those students who would like to study psychology after completing their bachelor's degree.4

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Studying master's degree in psychology: the content

The Master's degree in psychology provides comprehensive knowledge in the application subjects of clinical psychology, occupational and health psychology and clinical neuropsychology as well as extensive knowledge in the basic subjects. When studying psychology in the master’s program, there is individual flexibility in the combination of subject combinations.

In the Master in Psychology (M. Sc.), Basic key qualifications are imparted for professional practice in a wide variety of fields of application in psychology. This includes the ability to systematically observe and to work experimentally as well as the mastery of psychological techniques of conversation. In addition, this includes the ability to carry out social science survey methods and the presentation of scientific results using modern teaching techniques and competencies in IT. 4

Goals of the psychology degree

The Master in Psychology is a consecutive course based on the Bachelor’s course in Psychology, in which in-depth knowledge is imparted in essential sub-subjects of psychology. In particular, competencies are taught in the following applications:4

  • Psychological diagnostics
  • Occupational and health psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical neuropsychology

Students studying psychology benefit from the following:4

  • Case seminars or research practice seminars in the application subjects
  • Consolidation of basic subjects in psychology
  • Excellent training for further academic work, such as PhD programs

Fulfillment of the requirements for psychotherapy training

Course structure and modules - Master in Psychology

The courses in psychology are made up of nine modules, four of which must be chosen as elective modules. Psychology students can thus set their own individual priorities when studying psychology.[4] Following the four compulsory elective modules, a master's thesis with a value of 28 ECTS points must be written. The nine elective modules are presented in the table below.A total of 60 ECTS points must be collected when studying for a Master’s degree in psychology.4

Modules in Psychology Studies (M. Sc.)ECTS points
1. Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience8
2. Action psychology8
3. Health and work 18
4. Health and work 28
5. Advanced research methods & diagnostics8
6. Diagnostic methods in clinical psychology8
7. Psychotherapeutic procedures8
8. Practice of Intervention8
9. Neuropsychological diagnostics and rehabilitation8
10. Master's thesis28

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Admission requirements and selection process

If you want to study psychology in the Master of Science program at the University of Konstanz, you must meet the following requirements:5

  • Completed 4-year bachelor's degree in psychology
  • Completed six-month internship in a field relevant to psychology

The selection process for studying psychology is as follows:

  • Basically, the available places are allocated according to the best suitability.
  • There are no waiting semester regulations
  • If the number of applicants exceeds the number of available study places, a ranking list of suitable applicants is created and the available places are then allocated according to the final grade / preliminary average grade.

5% of the places are reserved for exceptional cases of hardship, but at least one study place.


1. University of Konstanz, Psychology - Bachelor of Science, accessed on October 17, 2017.

2. University of Konstanz, admission statutes: PsychologieBA 4.3, accessed on October 17, 2017.

3. University of Konstanz, Study and Examination Regulations: Psychology B8.1, accessed on October 17, 2017.

4. University of Konstanz, Psychology - Master of Science, accessed on October 17, 2017.

5. University of Konstanz, admission statutes: Psychology MA 10.6, accessed on October 17, 2017.

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