What do you think of Australian Aborigines

Australia

General

Kangaroos and koalas, great surf spots, backpackers, poisonous snakes and jellyfish, red sand and the endless expanses of the outback - what are the first things that to you come to mind when you think of Australia? The word Australia Incidentally, is derived from the Latin terra australis from and means something like southern country. It is the smallest continent - and at the same time that sixth largest country the earth! Despite its size, Australia only has 24 million inhabitants (As of 2016) who affectionately call themselves "Aussis".

Location and topography

Australia is located in the southern hemisphere, east of New Zealand, north of Antarctica and south of Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. Shortly before Papua New Guinea in the northeast of the continent there is a peninsula called Cape York and off the southeast coast the island of Tasmania, which also belongs to Australia as a state and which is its own Tasmanian devil famous is notorious.

Unlike the other continents, Australia is one very flat continent with low heights. The highest mountain is 2280 m high and part of the Great Dividing Range, which runs along the east coast in a north-south direction. In addition to this mountain range, there are four smaller mountain ranges. The interior and most of the coastline are flat with only very gentle changes in altitude. There are a manageable number of rivers, in many cases only temporarily water to lead. A special feature are special rock formations in the interior such as the devil's balls, the wave rocks or the famous one Uluru.

vegetation

The vast majority of Australia can be described as a desert, in which hardly any vegetation is to be found. There are a total of six deserts, including all three types of desert: Sandy desert, rocky desert and Gravel desert. At the edges of the desert there are wide borders Dry steppes with thorns and low bushes. Bordering on these in turn Grass steppes. In the southeast there is Deciduous and mixed forests as well as soils suitable for arable farming. There are also along the northern half of the east coast as well as on the Cape York Peninsula and on the north coast of central north Australia tropical rainforests.

climate

In the middle of the country there is continental desert climatewhich is extremely dry and hot. On the coasts of the northern half, it is warm around the deserts tropical climatewhile on the coasts of the southern half around the deserts it is dominated by the ocean subtropical climate prevails, which is not quite as humid as the tropical climate further north. Precipitation is mainly limited to the mountains along the east coast and the tropical rainforests in the northeast and north. Outside of the deserts, the climate in the rest of Australia is otherwise quite dry and hot.

History and demographics

Australia, the penultimate continent (before America), was settled about 50,000 years ago by the first people who immigrated and spread over a land bridge connecting Papua New Guinea and some Indonesian islands. The native people of Australia - Aboriginal called - always lived as Nomads, hunters and gatherers of what nature gave them. In the Middle Ages, Indian and Chinese merchant ships and Indonesian fishermen reached Australia, but the Chinese, Indians or Indonesians showed no interest in conquering the country. When the Spanish came to Australia as the first Europeans in the 16th century and the Dutch in the 17th century, they didn't pay much attention to the country either and regarded it as meaningless. This did not change until the late 18th century when the English did Navigator and explorer James Cook Landed in Australia in 1770 and decided to annex the country to the English colonial empire. From then on, the colonization of Australia began by Europeans and especially by the English. The European immigrants increasingly opened up the country by slowly working their way from the coasts into the interior and thus the Aborigines pushed back further and further. Today these represent a clear minority of the population in Australia.

Australia is a strong through immigration country shaped by a wide variety of people and more than a quarter of the population was not born in the country. China, India, Vietnam and Pakistan, along with Great Britain, Germany and Italy, represent the majority of the countries of origin. The greatest population density can be found along the south east coast, where the Megacities Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane are located.

economy

Because of the continent's heat and drought, Australia has never been able to be farmed like other continents. Thanks to the grassy steppes, however, the Sheep grazing very possible, which is why the Wool production in Australia is also one of the largest export products. Otherwise, the only branch of industry in Australia could Mining educate as Australia has enormous natural resources like gold, copper, nickel, Iron ore (in the west) and coal (in the east). However, mining jobs are very limited and mostly located in isolated, very hard-to-reach places that Australia's economy cannot rely on alone. Meanwhile the Service sector also more and more important in Australia.