What is the bond in brickwork

Applying brick veneer to an interior wall

Step 1

Build half-bricks

The pattern for the wall is a "gradient bond" pattern that starts with a full brick followed by a half brick, then another full brick followed by a half brick, and so on (picture 1). The gradual weave pattern is one of the most common patterns seen in brickwork, and the goal is for each row to break the seams of the row below at the center line. With full brickwork, this is done in support; For brick veneer, it creates visual interest and brings back the look of solid brick.

Use the tiles with a tile cutter or diamond grinding knife to create the half-stones for the running bond corners (image 2). Cut enough half bricks in advance so that you don't keep cutting more and more. Since this wall represents an old wall, and old walls aren't perfect, your half-stones don't need to be cut exactly halfway.

step 2

Decide on a window design

In this project we used brick corners on the edges and top of the masonry, creating a soldier course from the levels on the ground and stone planks (pic 1). The stone parapets are made from a thin veneer stone (Fig. 2). To recreate this sill look, you can use thin veneer, wood, or a piece of bluestone or limestone (depending on the depth of the sill). Talk to your dealer or the local quarry to find out what is available to you. Make design decisions before you reach the corners as these may require cuts that should be spaced in the wall design.

step 3

Start at the bottom

All of the masonry should start with the corners or edges of the wall, starting at the bottom. Apply a bead of construction adhesive to the back of the brick (be sure to use a construction adhesive specially designed for brick or brick veneer) (Photo 1). Keep the glue about two inches from the edge.

Apply the brick to the wall with enough pressure to allow it to adhere and hold it in place until it does not move (Photo 2). This will take no more than a few seconds. Place the corners with the cut side facing the inside of the masonry - this will hide the cuts and create the illusion of a full brick. Install the brick corners up to the ceiling, making adjustments to brick placement and joint size if necessary. The construction adhesive should be adjustable for about 15-20 minutes. You can use tile connectors if you want your joint size to be accurate, or you can vary the joint widths to better create the illusion of an old brick wall. All of the notches that need to be made can be done with the grinder.

Step 4

Continue building the brick pattern

Start building the brick factory. While working, keep the bond in progress by working from the corners where the ongoing bond was made. Make sure that the end of each brick is in the center of the brick above and below.

Once you've set up some of your brickwork, mark a straight line with a straight edge and a level above the wall. Build a continuous row along the entire length of the wall to serve as a guideline for setting the brick and for maintaining the ongoing bond (Photo 1). With multiple people working on this project, they can start at opposite ends of the wall and work together without worrying about their ongoing ties mismatching.

Go back and forth every now and then to review your work (pic 2). If your wall is long, the series will start to sway or change the joint sizes. The joints and lines don't have to be perfect, but there should be some consistency. If a number of bricks do not match perfectly, i.e. there is no room for full bricks, you can cut a brick to fit, but don't cut the brick to less than 3/4 the size of the full brick. If the gap is not closed with a 3/4 stone and some joints are adjusted, you can cut a second stone of this size and hide these two saw-off stones the length of the wall. Bricks have been attached, you can now start the grouting start.