How doi prevent children when violence happens

“Not a topic of the past” - Sexual violence against girls and boys in institutions

Summary

The study “Sexual violence against girls and boys in institutions” ascertained the extent to which schools, boarding schools and homes have recently become aware of sexual violence against girls and boys in care by staff, young people in care or outside the institution. In focus groups with specialists and those affected, ways of dealing with sexual violence and prevention in educational institutions were discussed.

Abstract

The study “Sexual Violence against Girls and Boys within Institutions” examined the extent to which schools, boarding school and residential care institutions recently obtained knowledge of sexual victimization by personnel, peers, or outside the institution. Focus groups with experts and survivors discussed ways of dealing with sexual violence and prevention within pedagogical institutions.

Notes

  1. 1.

    The project “Sexual violence against girls and boys in institutions” was funded by the Independent Commissioner and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Employees were Elisabeth Helming, Heinz Kindler, Alexandra Langmeyer, Marina Mayer, Peter Mosser, Christine Entleitner and Mechthild Wolff.

  2. 2.

    A raw data report of the project (cf. Helming et al. 2011) and the three expertises are currently freely available on the project homepage www.dji.de/sgmj and on that of the independent commissioner www.beauftragte-missusen.de; the final report has not yet been published.

  3. 3.

    Due to the low number of cases, the representation of the student representative surveys is dispensed with.

  4. 4.

    Possible answers in the questionnaire were:

    • Abuse without physical contact such as B. Showing pornographic content

    • Touching the body

    • Touching the genitals

    • Attempted penetration

    • Successful penetration

    • Physical injury and / or abuse with a sexual background

    • Other form of sexual assault. Which?

    In addition, it was ascertained whether psychological pressure was exerted and / or physical violence was used and whether several people were involved in the crime. It was found that the respondents very often put forced oral sex into the “other form” category, which indicates ignorance of the legal situation.

  5. 5.

    For people who want to apply narrower criteria, it is advisable to take a look at the raw data report (see Helming et al. 2011). There are separate evaluations of the suspected cases according to severity, later confirmation or sanctions that have already taken place.

  6. 6.

    The finding of the present study that school representatives from boarding schools more frequently mentioned suspected cases against adult employees points in a similar direction.

  7. 7.

    In addition, the other participants in the conversation do not respond to such statements in their subsequent contributions.

  8. 8.

    Meike Hartmann also describes this phenomenon in her evaluation of group discussions by specialists from youth associations (cf. Hartmann2011).

  9. 9.

    But looking at it could mean sliding into voyeurism.

  10. 10.

    Even if home education has changed fundamentally, this should not only be viewed as a "topic of the past", but should also be discussed with regard to juvenile penal institutions, closed youth psychiatry and closed homes.

  11. 11.

    This also became clear in the reaction to fictitious case vignettes in the representative institutional survey.

  12. 12.

    This is accompanied by a neglect of partial results in the publications that did not determine any significant differences to non-abused control groups or more positive values ​​for the group of abused mothers. (see Breckenridge 2006)

  13. 13.

    This should also be consistent with therapeutic procedures that aim at precisely this limitation.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. German Youth Institute V., Nockherstr. 2, 81541, Munich, Germany

    Marina Mayer

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Marina Mayer.

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Cite this article

Mayer, M. “Not an issue in the past” - Sexual violence against girls and boys in institutions. Soz passages4, 91-108 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12592-012-0095-1

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keywords

  • Sexual abuse
  • schools
  • Stationary aids for education
  • Prevention

Keywords

  • Child sexual abuse
  • Schools
  • Residential care
  • Prevention