How does National Socialism work

The Nazi era: war and terror

On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of the Reich. From then on, the National Socialists enforced their absolute claim to leadership - with the help of terror and propaganda. The victims of the persecution are mainly political opponents and Jews. On November 9, 1938, "Jewish policy" reached a new dimension: the Nazi regime called for the destruction of Jewish shops and institutions. Almost a year later, Germany started World War II with the attack on Poland. The height of horror is the Holocaust: by the end of their rule, the Nazis systematically murder more than six million Jews.

Nazi election campaign and takeover of power in the north

In 1931 100,000 SA men in brown uniforms march through Braunschweig. With such demonstrations of power, the Nazis fight their way to power in northern Germany. Contemporary witnesses remember. more

May 1933: Nazis burn books

On May 10, 1933, the Nazis start a campaign "Against the un-German spirit". Hundreds of books, mostly by Jewish authors, are banned and publicly burned. more

1937: Nazis turn Hamburg into a metropolis

On April 1, 1937, the Nazi rulers unite Altona, Wandsbek and Harburg with Hamburg. For the planned war, Hitler needed a strong industrial and economic metropolis. more

Hitler's Port: The Nazi Plans for Hamburg

A gigantic Elbe bridge, a skyscraper in Altona: This is how the Hamburg architect Konstanty Gutschow planned a new port. Countless clinker bricks were needed - produced in Neuengamme concentration camp. more

Hitler's aircraft carrier: "Graf Zeppelin"

On December 8, 1938, the "Graf Zeppelin" was launched in Kiel. But the huge aircraft carrier never comes into action and mysteriously disappears after the end of the war. more

The 833 days of the "Bismarck"

On February 14, 1939, Nazi Germany celebrated the launch of the "Bismarck" in Hamburg. A good two years later, the battleship sinks after a chase in the Atlantic. more

Finally stop being afraid

At the age of twelve, Ceija Stojka was liberated from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp by the British. In an interview with the NDR, she told how she experienced the moment in April 1945. more

The second World War

The Second World War begins with the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939. Years of fighting cost the lives of more than 50 million people worldwide. more