How is unemployment a cause of corruption?

Corruption in Japan

The "Corruption Perceptions Index", an index for perceived corruption in the public sector, was 26 points in Japan in 2020. The scale ranges from 0 to 100, the higher the value, the more massive the corruption. Japan ranks 19th. The result is above average compared to other countries.

Compared to the previous year, there was a slight decrease in corruption in 2020. In the long term, however, it has increased moderately in recent years.

Germany is in 9th place with a value of 20. Incidentally, the ranking is led by Denmark with a value of 12. The sad last place is occupied by South Sudan (88 points).

The full country comparison can be found here ›Ranking list of global corruption


Back to overview: Japan

Development of Corruption in Japan 2003-2020


The causes of corruption are partly political and cultural. Ineffective law enforcement may fuel this. It is noticeable that it is regularly lower in democratically governed countries (form of government in Japan: Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy). Likewise, higher levels of corruption occur predominantly in low-income countries. In Japan, the per capita income is 37,258 euros annually and is extremely high in a global comparison. The high cost of living also indicates a wealthy country.

Development of the corruption index in Japan 2003-2020



Bribes abroad

The evaluations listed above are based on surveys by Transparency International, which determines the corruption index annually. The original "Corruption Perceptions Index" knows the numbers exactly the other way around and assigns higher values ​​for lower corruption. The official value for Japan is 74 points in 2020. This would actually be an anti-corruption index because the higher the score, the lower the corruption. These numbers have been inverted here to make the graphs easier to understand and to visualize.

However, the index only includes corruption within the respective country for the public sector. Another survey is also carried out by Transparency International to measure the willingness with which nationals abroad pay bribes and kickbacks. This index is based on surveys of companies in 28 leading economies and was last published in 2011. It shows that entrepreneurs in numerous countries adhere to anti-money laundering laws within their own national borders, but are more willing to pay bribes abroad.

The scale of this index ranges from 0 to 10, with a lower value indicating a greater willingness to corrupt. Japan was in 5th place with a score of 8.6 points. The average for all 28 countries was 7.8 points, with the best value (Netherlands) being only 8.8.

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