Who were the Moors of Al Andalus
Muslim rule on the Iberian Peninsula lasted from 711 to 1492. Although this only included the small Emirate of Granada for the last 200 years, the “Moors”, as they were mostly called in Christian sources, have not only left traces there in architecture, art and science. Especially the heyday under the caliphs from the Umayyad dynasty is still considered to be one of the most outstanding epochs in Spanish history. Religious tolerance was also widely praised in al-Andalus, but black and white woodcut painting does not do justice to this aspect. On the Christian as well as on the Muslim side, phases of religious rigorism and mutual respect alternated, whereby the religion of the respective nation always came first.
Articles in this issue
Unstoppable triumphal march
Islam spread with unbelievable force in the 7th and 8th centuries. Tarifa and Gibraltar were the first stages of the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula. The Christian Visigothic Empire collapsed like a house of cards within a few years ... more
If even a Christian nun like Roswitha von Gandersheim praised Córdoba, the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate, almost hymnically, then this reveals a lot about the fascination that this metropolis had in its heyday ... more
Of all the arts, poetry enjoyed the highest veneration among the Arabs. This language culture took root very early in the Córdoba of the Spanish caliphs .... more
One god and three religions
The Middle Ages did not know tolerance in the sense of the Enlightenment. But in Spain there were at least times of mutual recognition in which those of different faiths could practice their beliefs relatively freely. This is especially true for the time of the Umayyad rule ... more
The battle of Las Navas de Tolosa is generally considered to be the decisive victory of the Christian kingdoms against the Muslim Almohads. How did this armed conflict come about, and what consequences did it actually have? ... more
For around 260 years, the Muslim emirate of Granada was a vassal state of the Castilian kings. From today's perspective, this constellation is astonishing, which was only replaced by a new phase of confrontation with the death of Peter the Cruel .... more
A place of baroque joie de vivre
Hof Palace in Lower Austria served Prince Eugene and Empress Maria Theresia as a stage for their splendor. After a long slumber, the unique ensemble with garden and manor is filled with new life as a baroque adventure world .... more
Pacifism in the Age of Extremes
The Einstein year 2005 was dominated by memories of the great physicist, but his political commitment to peace was rarely discussed. Einstein spoke for everyone who hated war and wanted to build a world of peace ... more
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