Mexico is largely wheelchair accessible

Statistical facts

Capital: Mexico City
Form of government: presidential democracy
Residents: 124,574,795 (as of 2017)
Time shift:
There are three time zones in Mexico

  • Eastern part including Mexico City - Central Standard Time (CET -7)
  • Baja California del Sur and the west coast to Puerto Vallarta - Mountain Standard Time (CET -8)
  • Baja California del Norte - Pacific Standard Time (CET -9)
In Mexico, as in Central Europe, summer time (April to October) applies, the time difference is therefore retained.

Country data
The United Mexican States is bordered by the United States to the north, the Gulf of Mexico to the east, Belize to the southeast, Guatemala to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Mexico (officially Estados Unidos Mexicanos, United Mexican States) is a presidential republic with federal administration. The area is 1,958,201 km². Administrative structure: 31 states (estados; Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Estado de México, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca , Puebla, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatán, Zacatecas) and the federal district "Distrito Federal" with the capital of Mexico.

Mexico is a major mining country. It has numerous deposits of mineral resources. Small and medium-sized mining companies in particular are very productive. 45 different metal ores and minerals are currently being mined. After Russia, the USA and Saudi Arabia, Mexico is the fourth largest oil producer. However, the oil rush of the late 1970s, from which the Mexicans had hoped for enormous development impulses, has long since vanished. After all, the expansion in the oil sector resulted in an impressive development in the manufacturing industry. Despite advanced industrialization, Mexico is still largely agricultural. Mexican agriculture employs 40 percent of the workforce, but only accounts for around 9 percent of the gross domestic product. Mexican forestry suffers from a lack of productivity. Reforestation is also a mess. The overexploitation in the tropical rainforests of the south is taking on frightening forms. When it comes to tourism, Mexico now occupies a leading position among third world countries. Tourism is one of the country's most important sources of foreign currency.

Mexico is home to nearly 30,000 species of flowering plants including 1,000 species of orchids. There are 58 state parks and biosphere reserves. The flora is very diverse. Many European crops such as corn, tomatoes and tobacco come from Mexico. Species that can store large amounts of moisture in their tissues thrive in the desert and semi-desert of Mexico. Prickly pear cacti are represented in large numbers. The grass and shrub steppe, on the other hand, shows stronger vegetation and can turn into lush grass after heavy rainfall. There are also many types of cacti, mesquite bushes, yucca palms and the thorn bushes called "Chaparrales", as well as agaves and the intoxicating cactus called "Peyotl" by the Indians. The western, eastern and southern Sierra Madre and the volcanic belt that border the central highlands are rich in deciduous and coniferous forest. Evergreen tropical forest stands near the southwestern coastline on the Gulf of Mexico. Marsh plants, bamboo and mangroves thrive in the amphibious coastal areas. Extensive bush vegetation shapes the landscape along the Pacific coast of central and southern Mexico and in the north of the Yucatán peninsula. Tropical rainforests can be found in the south of the Yucátan peninsula, in Chiapas, Tabasco and Veracruz.

Many of the numerous protected areas in Europe would rather be referred to as local recreation areas or amusement parks. Mexico's once rich and sometimes unique fauna has been severely decimated by ruthless hunting. The remaining, officially protected animal species (jaguar, puma, ocelot, lynx, anteater and lynx, to name just a few) have withdrawn to the mountains and primeval forests. Monkeys, as well as parrots, hummingbirds, pelicans, and other water and marsh birds are still abundant in the wild. Reptiles such as iguanas, turtles and snakes (including some very poisonous) also. Most of the animals can be seen on the Baja California peninsula. Sea lions, seals, sea otters, pelicans, sea turtles and other coastal inhabitants can still live relatively undisturbed here. In spring, the Ojo de Liebre Nature Park on the west coast (near Guerro Negro) is worth a visit. This is where pregnant whales come from far away to calve and to keep their young safely in the sheltered bay for the first few weeks. On the south coast of Yucatan and in the Gulf of Mexico, trusting dolphins are not uncommon - they often accompany excursion boats or ferry boats to the port.