What is a computer science career

The computer scientist

Tasks | Career prospects | Salary | Current jobs

The job as a computer scientist is
  • demanding
  • offers many specializations
  • is often asked
  • can be paid pretty well
  • more and more important in all industries
Tasks as a computer scientist
  • Development and maintenance of websites and web applications
  • Programming of scripts
  • Software design
  • IT consulting for companies on technical problems
Annual salary:
45.000 € – 100.000 €

Depending on

  • Degree (Bachelor or Master)
  • work experience
  • federal state
  • Size of the company

You are enthusiastic about computers and technology and now wonder whether Computer scientist be suitable for you? In the following article we will make you fully familiar with the tasks of a computer scientist. We will also explain to you how to become a computer scientist and what opportunities you have to earn money.

Table of Contents

Frequently asked questions about the computer scientist

The science that deals with computers and their application. Computer science is based on mathematics but is now an independent branch of science.

He develops and optimizes software and hardware. This includes the programming of scripts, front-end development with different programming languages ​​or IT consulting. Computer science is a very broad area, which gives you different opportunities to develop.

With the advancement of digitization in all areas and the ever stronger networking, computer scientists are becoming more and more essential for business and society. Computer scientists are therefore desperately wanted, especially those who are state of the art.

What is computer science?

= the science of the systematic representation, processing, storage and transmission of information. It developed out of mathematics, but is now a largely independent branch of science.

Current job offers as a computer scientist

Computer scientist: definition

A computer scientist is primarily concerned with the development and optimization of software and hardware as well as generally with the subject of information technology - IT for short. For this purpose, the computer scientist works with complex control and information systems. However, the following principle always applies: Not all computer science is created equal. Instead, informatics is just a broad umbrella term that can be divided into the following areas: theoretical informatics, practical informatics, technical informatics and applied informatics.

Depending on the company in which the computer scientist is employed, his areas of responsibility are very diverse. As a computer scientist, you usually ask yourself the following questions:

Is the performance just optimal?

As a computer scientist, how can I improve or repair the process?

As already mentioned, a computer scientist can work in many different fields. In addition, as a computer scientist you have many opportunities to specialize - for example, if you as an application developer want to program as much as possible yourself.

Even if you want to ensure that the information technology in your company works smoothly in system administration, you can specialize accordingly as a computer scientist. However, the focus is always on working on the PC. Here is an overview of other possible tasks of a computer scientist:

  • Development and maintenance of websites and web applications
  • Programming of scripts
  • Maintenance of databases
  • Front-end development using programming languages ​​such as JavaScript, HTML and CSS
  • Development of apps for smartphones and tablet PCs
  • IT consulting for companies on technical problems
  • Software design

In many companies, computer scientists also play an important role in IT security: They have to ensure that the company's computers are not damaged by viruses or Trojans. They maintain the virus software and ensure that the virus is completely eliminated in the event of an attack.

Contrary to many clichés, however, as a computer scientist you do not work silently at your computer. Instead, you have a lot of contact with colleagues and customers, so you should have a certain minimum of communication skills.

Computer scientist: requirements

If you are really interested in becoming a computer scientist, you should keep in mind that in addition to the right degree, you must of course also meet other requirements. These requirements should also help you to consider whether the job as a computer scientist is really the right one for you.

Of course, you should enjoy working on the computer, because that is your main place of work. You absolutely have to be able to set priorities and differentiate between important and less important tasks, which also means that you can and want to work independently.

The ability to learn and the necessary willingness are essential for the computer scientist, because you have to be able to handle the latest programs and updates.

Your skills

So that you can gain a foothold in the IT field as a computer scientist, you should also have a good command of English. A basic understanding of numbers as well as technical processes and experience with common Office applications are also an advantage. As a computer scientist, you should be able to think abstractly in theory and work in a problem-oriented manner. If you want to specialize in business informatics, an understanding of business and economics is essential.

In addition, there is hardly any other industry where there are innovations as often as in the IT area. As a computer scientist, you have to regularly familiarize yourself with new operating systems, new hardware or even new programming languages ​​in order not to lose touch. We therefore recommend that you follow current trends in the IT industry closely during your studies or training so that you always stay up to date.

Computer scientist: training & studies

You have the best chances for a career as a computer scientist with a degree in computer science. However, the course is not always referred to as computer science, but also as computer science or IT service management, among other things. After three years of regular study time, you can complete your studies with a Bachelor of Science or study four more semesters to do your Master of Science. The master’s degree qualifies you, for example, for managerial positions and responsible tasks in science and research.

Alternatively, you can do an apprenticeship as a state-certified computer scientist at a vocational academy or vocational school. Most large companies, however, still prefer applicants who have a degree in computer science. Here are an overview of some universities and the courses they offer:

Depending on which course you choose, you will have to deal with different course content. Basically, the computer science course is a very varied course that is often combined with several internships in order to optimally prepare you for everyday work as a computer scientist. Possible course contents are, for example:

  • mathematics
  • Algorithmics
  • Software engineering
  • programming
  • Databases
  • Communication technology
  • Business administration
  • Operating systems
  • Mobile development
  • System administration

Current vacancies & jobs

Computer scientist: Entry

You can reach most professions in these three ways:

Graduate (studies / training)

As already explained, the entry into the profession of computer scientist takes place after completing a degree in computer science or after completing training as an IT specialist. Alternatively, lateral entry is also possible after studying mathematics or business informatics as well as after training as a computer science clerk.

But a real lateral entry from a completely different area to become a computer scientist is really only possible if you can prove that you have the necessary skills (e.g. programming languages). Of course, you can acquire these privately to a certain extent.

Helpful soft skills as a computer scientist

Of course, computer scientists often work alone on the respective projects, but still have to remain communicative in order to discuss things in a team or to get in contact with superiors. That's just one example of Soft skillsthat the computer scientist needs. Further soft skills for the computer scientist would be:

  • Communication skills
  • Knowledge of human nature
  • Organizational skills
  • Sense of responsibility
  • quick grasp
  • patience
  • high resilience
  • Willingness to learn

Computer scientist: industries & areas

As a computer scientist, you can choose from a variety of industries and areas, because IT specialists are in great demand almost everywhere. Possible future workplaces include:

Telecommunications industry

What you actually earn as a computer scientist depends on many factors. Sometimes the state even decides how much you earn and what your maximum salary would be. That is why it is always advisable to find out in advance which location in Germany offers the highest salary for your work as a computer scientist. If you want to or cannot move, you can increase your salary through work experience.

It can be said that computer scientists who have studied particularly well earn on average really well. With more experience plus important advanced training and personnel responsibilities, you will want to earn a lot. The starting salary of a computer scientist is an average of 45,000 euros per year.

Career prospects& Career opportunities

further education

Further training is extremely important for a computer scientist because he works in an industry that is constantly evolving. In order to be able to deal with new programs, on the one hand you have to continuously train yourself independently, but you also have to take part in external training courses if necessary.

Good companies ensure that their computer scientists receive the best training and that is why they often pay for further training opportunities out of their own pocket. So if you should apply for a job as a computer scientist, be sure to ask about subsidies for further training.

Promotion opportunities & career prospects

The IT sector is booming, so as a computer scientist you benefit from very good career prospects and future opportunities. Provided you have a degree or a completed training, you can pursue your personal interests and specialize further and further. Computer scientists are in demand almost everywhere, so your job search should quickly be crowned with success.

There is nothing to prevent you from working your way up step by step to becoming the IT manager of a company. However, this requires a lot of motivation, sensible time management, good leadership skills and a lot of strategic thinking skills. It is worthwhile to stay on the ball, to continue to educate yourself and to take advantage of offers for specialization.

Even a career as a freelancer is possible. If you want to work as a freelancer, you should above all keep an eye on the market, draw up a well-thought-out business plan and, of course, ensure the necessary financing base. A professional homepage also helps you land important jobs and become self-employed as a computer scientist.

Current jobs as a computer scientist

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