Why are college dropouts more successful
Dropouts: This is how it goes on
The number of students is higher than ever. At the same time, the number of Dropouts. Although many different initiatives are trying to keep this number as low as possible, the government believes that there are still too many: around a third of all students leave the university without a degree. For those affected, an agonizing time often precedes them. Admitting to yourself that your degree is not the right one for whatever reasons is usually the most difficult part. Much more pressing, however, is the question of what happens afterwards: How does it go next? But do an apprenticeship? Try the lateral entry? Question after question ... We'll show you your options.
➠ Content: This is what awaits you
➠ Content: This is what awaits you
Statistics: dropouts equals failure?
Even the term dropout does not sound promising: a course of study was started and not finished. The real goal after enrolling at a university is to successfully complete the evidenced by an academic degree becomes.
This is done nowadays through the Bachelor's and Master's degrees. Which, however, are becoming increasingly rare. Anyone who has worked for a long time and for whom it has always been clear that he or she wants to study usually has to struggle with strong self-doubt after dropping out.
The number of college dropouts increases continuously, although no exact numbers exist. This is due to the fact that no university dropout is obliged to provide more precise information about reasons or subsequent activities. For example, some students are still officially enrolled, but de facto no longer attend any events.
So drop-out statistics are always a few years behind. The most recent data come from the study by the German Center for University and Science Research (DZHW). According to this, more than one in four leaves the university without a degree: At universities, the rate of university dropouts is 32 percent, at universities of applied sciences (FH) somewhat lower at 27. The reason for this could often be higher practical relevance be at the universities of applied sciences.
The situation looks rather dramatic, especially in the courses of study that most urgently need young talent: the dropout rate in the Bachelor’s degree is 41 percent mathematical and natural science courses at universities, 34 percent at universities of applied sciences.
On the other hand, the drop-out rate in the state examination courses is low Medicine and teaching. There it is still 6 percent and 14 percent respectively. This is explained with the mostly high intrinsic motivation.
Most college dropouts are already leaving within the first two semesters the university, another third decide to drop out in the third or fourth semester.
The good news: Most of them quickly find a way to continue their career.
Reasons for dropping out
There are a number of reasons that make studying difficult and lead to early drop-out. Sometimes they leave Study conditions left a lot to be desired - Overcrowded lecture halls, too few teaching staff when there is high demand or unfavorable times that clash with other courses: all of this can lead to a degree being delayed.
Especially in the case of Bafög recipients, a rat tail hangs on the consequences if coursework does not go to prescribed time be provided. Sometimes one thing leads to another. There are also reasons related to the person who dropped out or his or her personal situation:
The requirements are too high.
With the educational reform, many school leavers were granted higher education entrance qualifications. But not all school leavers have the “necessary ability to study”. Or to put it another way: By far the greatest number of dropouts fail because of the university requirements. This is the result of another study by the DZHW (formerly HIS) based on surveys. According to this, 30 percent of all students gave performance problems as reasons for dropping out, including pressure to perform or failed exams.
There was no substantive dispute.
Quite a few high school graduates see the course as a declared goal. For a long time it was true that no high school diploma is required for training. So when the Abitur is obtained, the orientation towards studies follows almost automatically. What is often missing, however, is the substantive discussion. It will not be a conscious career choice For hit something, just against something, namely the training path. The ideas about the subject are diffuse and partly only characterized by social advancement. Engineering has the highest dropout rates at 35 percent.
Personal difficulties put a strain on everyday student life.
Private problems such as breakups, illness and reduced stress resistance affect almost everyone. The decisive factor is how resilient the person is. Another aspect: it is particularly difficult for children from non-academic households or with a migration background to find their way around the university. There are many dropouts here. Because the success of your studies does not only depend on your intelligence. A number of factors such as support through advice and action from the parental home make a decisive contribution to this.
It's hard to motivate yourself.
Studying at the university in particular requires good self-organization. This is exactly what many freshmen did not learn. They see the required learning volume and rush to the content without a solid learning plan and without knowledge of helpful learning methods. Most of the time, free time is neglected because free time is mistakenly equated with lazing around. Ultimately, the result is frustrated students who lose the fun of studying.
The financial burden is high.
Some people throw in the towel because there is not enough money. State financial support is available through student loans and various scholarships. However, this is often linked to certain requirements. If these are not met or no longer met, the money dries up. Even with government help, it is not always enough, as the cost of living - especially the rent - is significantly more expensive in university locations than in other cities. Many stay afloat with student jobs and thus have even less time to do their academic work.
Preventive advice for dropouts
As bitter as it may be for some, when a dream bursts: dropping out of your studies is not a broken leg. According to an older study by the DZHW, only 6 months after leaving the university most of the students dropped out found an alternative: 43 of them did an apprenticeship, 31 percent were gainfully employed.
Of course, no general statement can be made here for all students who are considering dropping out of their studies. This depends on the personal reasons that accompany such a consideration. The most important news in this context: There are various counseling offers for potential college dropouts.
The first point of contact is actually the university's central student advisory service (ZSB). Here you can ask general questions about the course content of the subjects and find out possible alternatives if, for example, a change of subject is an option. The ZSB is also responsible for you if it comes to psychological problems and questions of study organization goes.
The student unions can also contribute social issues and problems be helpful if this is the main reason for dropping out of your studies (e.g. studying with a child).
Apprentice, career changer, student: this is how it continues
In other cases the decision may already have been made. Regardless of whether you cannot identify with the course content, the whole thing is too theory-heavy for you and not very practical or you realized how bad the career prospects would be after graduation:
Many dropouts are taken with a kiss on the hand. And apart from personal vanities: It takes a certain courage to realize after two, three or four semesters that you have made a mistake. And your time at the university is never completely in vain. You have sniffed into an area, in any case Thinking outside the box.
If you had started an apprenticeship right after school, you would probably not have started your studies afterwards and would have no idea what you are missing or what you are missing out on. And ultimately that remains Always option to study still exist, just no longer as a first training path.
So what's next?
The classic dual training has already been mentioned. There are numerous local educational institutions such as the Chambers of Industry and Commerce (IHK) and the Chambers of Crafts (HWK) that offer information for “life afterwards”. Some of these additional options are even tailor-made for specific disciplines. Thus, the IHK Mittlerer Niederrhein offers a practice-oriented alternative for dropouts from MINT subjects to a shortened training to become an IT specialist. But there is also enough advice for the professional restart of students dropping out of all disciplines, for example at the HWK Dortmund.
Tip: Those who have graduated from high school can often shorten their training period and, for example, may only have to study 1.5 years instead of the usual three years (this is the minimum training period in this case). However, an application must be submitted beforehand.
You can of course enter the world of work as a career changer. Depending on how many semesters you have studied and what knowledge you have acquired, that can be enough for a job. The current shortage of skilled workers makes some employers ignore the fact that a diploma is missing. However, you have to expect that colleagues with comparable jobs and degrees will earn more than you do.
Another attractive option is a dual course of study. This course should be particularly attractive for dropouts who lack practical relevance. In addition, you earn money right from the start, so at the same time you are rid of any money worries. Employers like Deutsche Bahn offer many alternatives, especially in the technical area, for example:
- Electrical engineering
- Civil engineering
- business Informatics
- Computer science
- facility management
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