How do I heal my cut scars

Treat open wounds properly

Most people are convinced that wounds heal better in air. Therefore, they only use the plaster and bandage if the injury is bleeding profusely. But that's a mistake. Because open wounds are not only more prone to infection, they also heal more slowly. Read here how to properly treat open wounds so that they heal quickly.

First aid for open wounds

The first important step in treating open wounds is cleaning the injury. No plaster or bandage should be put on beforehand. Foreign bodies quickly get into the wound, especially with abrasions, and thus promote inflammation. It is therefore important to rinse off potential bacterial foci, such as dirt, with clean tap water. The risk that new germs get into the wound with the water and the risk of infection increases is extremely low.

Open wounds can also be cleaned with salt water (ideally physiological saline solution). Alternatively, there are alcohol-free wound rinses that can be sprayed on, which clean the wound almost painlessly. In no case should soap be used for cleaning.

Treat cuts properly

Cut wounds from knives or broken glass are common household injuries. If the incisions are not too deep, it is sufficient to rinse and disinfect them before covering them with a plaster. Smaller cuts can bleed out a little before treatment so that dirt particles are washed out of the tissue.

On deeply bleeding wounds, however, you should first press a sterile compress, apply a pressure bandage if necessary, and then go to the doctor. He can rule out whether blood vessels or nerves may have been injured.

Moist wound healing: these are the advantages

In the event of an injury, tissue is destroyed and germs penetrate the otherwise safe skin barrier. The body has to mobilize great forces in order to form new skin cells and to close the wound again as quickly as possible. Experts now agree that most wounds heal best when kept moist.

As early as the 1960s, the Englishman Georg Winter had shown in animal experiments that the regeneration of tissue in a moist wound environment takes place up to 50 percent faster than under a dry crust. The wound secretion acts as a means of transport for nutrients and messengers as well as immune cells and thus creates optimal conditions for wound healing. Moist wound healing has another advantage: the patient is spared a lot of pain when changing dressings because the gauze compresses do not stick to the wound.

Treatment of larger wounds

Especially with larger wounds, normal plasters are usually no longer sufficient to cover the injury and protect it from drying out. They should be covered with sterile dressings and compresses. A pressure bandage and elevation of the injured part of the body can also be useful. This will reduce blood loss. In general, a moist wound dressing is the method of choice for larger open wounds. Because without moisture, healing takes longer and the risk of leaving a scar increases.

Antiseptic ointments also work against germs. Creams or sprays that contain antibiotics are viewed more critically by experts. They increase the risk of antibiotic resistance and can lead to allergic reactions. They should therefore only be used after consulting a doctor.

When should the wound care be taken by a doctor?

Whether with home remedies or pharmacy products: wounds do not always heal easily or are so large that they have to be sewn or glued. With open cuts or grazes, pay close attention to warning signs of infection such as painful swelling and redness. In the following cases, you should see a doctor as soon as possible so that he can carry out professional wound care:

  • Heavy bleeding that is difficult to stop
  • strong pain
  • chronically open wounds
  • Foreign bodies (splinters, stones) in the wound
  • Sensory disturbances
  • deep and large cuts, burns or lacerations
  • gaping wound edges
  • heavily soiled wounds that cannot be disinfected
  • if muscle, tendon and vascular injuries are suspected
  • if there is reddening of the skin, swelling and pus (risk of infection)

In the case of larger, open wounds, the doctor will also check whether there is sufficient vaccination against tetanus (tetanus) or whether it needs to be refreshed.

Especially in diabetics, after a long illness or in people with varicose veins, heavy bleeding and poor healing can occur. If there is redness, pus forms, or the area becomes very warm, these are signs of infection. Then a doctor should be consulted immediately.

Further care: wound and healing ointments

After the initial treatment, open wounds require further care that supports the healing process. Above all, patients should make sure that the wounds are not soiled and that they do not come into contact with water. Waterproof plasters when showering can help. Wounds that are currently encrusted can be treated well with wound and healing ointments that contain the active ingredient dexpanthenol.

Good to know: In principle, the direct application of wound and healing ointment to open wounds should be avoided, as otherwise the wound secretion can no longer drain away. In the case of ointments, creams and gels, it should also be noted that the expiry date is usually only three months after opening the pack. It is best to make a note of when you opened the ointment on the package. Expired products should be disposed of.

Zinc ointment can be used for closed but oozing wounds. Zinc ointment promotes the formation of collagen in the skin and prevents the wound from drying out. Ointments containing iodine also have a disinfecting effect. They are therefore often used for chronic wounds such as pressure ulcers. There are also a variety of ointments and creams with natural medicines. They have a nourishing effect, support the skin in its healing process and prevent scarring.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.