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Taiwan conflict


Washington established diplomatic relations with Beijing in 1979 and at the same time gave the island a guarantee of protection

Taipei / Beijing - The island of Taiwan off the Chinese south coast - occupied by Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch people from 1590 to 1661 - had to be ceded by China to Japan in 1895 after a military defeat. After the Second World War it came back to China in 1945 as the "Taiwan Province". Here is an overview:

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  • 1949 - After its defeat in the civil war against the communists, the authoritarian Chinese national government under Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi) fled to the island with 1.5 million followers, where it had violently suppressed uprisings in 1947 (30,000 dead).
  • At the October 1, 1949 Communist Party Chairman Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong) proclaims the People's Republic of China in Beijing, which is recognized by the Soviet Union and the other communist states. The US continues to recognize the Republic of China, whose territory is limited to Taiwan and other small islands.
  • 1950 - Beijing unsuccessfully claims China's seat in the UN, held by Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang government, and a permanent seat on the Security Council.
  • 1954 - After Beijing ordered its armed forces to "liberate" Taiwan, the US concluded a protection agreement with Chiang Kai-shek, and a year later a defense agreement.
  • 1958 - Quemoy Crisis: The small island of Quemoy is shelled by troops of the People's Republic, the VII. US fleet is alerted.
  • 1971 - With resolution 2758, the UN General Assembly awards Beijing the Chinese UN seat. The government of the People's Republic is recognized as the sole legitimate government of all of China.
  • 1975 - Chiang Kai-shek dies.
  • 1979 - Under President Jimmy Carter, the US establishes diplomatic relations with the People's Republic and breaks off relations with Taiwan. However, Washington continues to undertake to deliver arms to Taipei and guarantee the island's security ("Taiwan Relations Act").
  • 1988 - The relationship between the island and the mainland begins to relax - trade is legalized and travel is made easier.
  • 1989 - Taiwan's democratization begins. Introduction of the multi-party system.
  • 1995 - Beijing proposes talks with Taiwan to end hostilities. Taiwan's President Lee Teng-hui replied positively.
  • July / August 1995 - First Chinese missile tests off the coast of Taiwan.
  • 1996 - Great maneuvers by the Communist People's Liberation Army in the Taiwan Strait. Beijing threatens armed violence if the island declares itself independent. The US is sending aircraft carriers.
  • July 1999 - Lee Teng-hui de facto renounces the "one China" policy and declares that relations are intergovernmental. He calls Taiwan's declaration of independence superfluous. Beijing protests violently and announces that it has the technology to build neutron bombs.
  • 2000 - The opposition leader Chen Shui-bian becomes President of Taiwan.
  • 2001 - Chen's Democratic Progressive Party, which advocates Taiwan's independence, becomes the strongest faction in parliament.
  • 2002 - Chen proposes a referendum on the future of the island.
  • 2003 - Taiwan's parliament allows a referendum to be held on a constitutional amendment. Beijing threatens a tough reaction.
  • 2005 - The Chinese People's Congress in Beijing passes the anti-secession law, which provides for the use of military means to prevent the island from becoming detached under constitutional law. - Kuomintang chairman and opposition leader Lien Chan travels to the People's Republic.
  • 2006 - Chen Shui-bian dissolves "Unification Council", Beijing speaks of "provocation".
  • 2007 - In a departure from his previous policy, Chen is committed to the statehood of the island. (APA)

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