How many girls are lesbian or bi
Queer youth | 10 percent of young people are gay, lesbian, bi or trans *
The majority of Germans are in favor of equal opportunities for LGBTI * Q, but what does that look like in everyday life? So far, social science youth research in Germany has hardly dealt with sexual and gender diversity. That is why there is little knowledge about the worlds of young lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans *, intersexual and queer (LGBTI * Q) people. The fact is: There are still many prejudices in 2018.
The "German Youth Institute" published new figures on this yesterday. To this end, the scientists analyzed what experiences young people have in family, friends, school, leisure time and sport: According to this, eight out of ten LGBTI * Q young people experience discrimination.
LGBTI * Q young people have particularly good experiences with their friends
Around 10 percent of 14 to 29 year olds in Germany identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual or trans *.
And: The step to coming out, i.e. recognizing (inner coming out) and possibly making it public (outer coming out) of one's own sexual orientation or gender affiliation, is often shaped by fears as they grow up. Often, however, these fears are unfounded: According to the study, LGBTI * Q young people have many positive experiences, especially among friends.
In sports and leisure activities as well as in school, however, sexual and gender diversity is still far too seldom taken into account.
One of the largest organizations that campaigns for the rights of LGBTI * Q in the USA is the "Human Rights Campaign" (HRC): In 2012 it carried out a study that showed: 51 percent of LGBTI * Q adolescents have experienced verbal attacks in school.
In Germany, too, “Schwule Sau” is still one of the most frequent swear words in schoolyards.
How can young people deal with it and how can they be better supported?
"While young trans * people often become aware of their affiliation in childhood, they often only determine their non-heterosexual orientation at the onset of puberty," the study found.
Insecurity, stress and deprivation: LGBTI * Q young people sometimes even avoid any contact with like-minded people. While some withdraw, others try to play the role society expects. In both cases, adolescents suppress their true feelings for a longer period of time, which can make them sick.
Suppressing one's own feelings makes you sick
In the “DJI” survey, the young people also report that they are concerned that disclosing their sexual orientation or gender could have negative consequences. There are great fears of being rejected by family or friends or not being taken seriously. Many young LGBTI * Q also fear difficulties at school or at work.
In return, LGBTI * Q adolescents and young adults are now more likely than before to grapple with their gender. Because: Lesbian, gay or bisexual young people inform themselves e.g. For example, in YouTube videos about coming out, same-sex relationships or about how to be sure of their non-heterosexual feelings.
For many people these terms are completely new
For many people, terms such as “cis-gender” or “heteronormativity” are completely new territory. Especially the opponents of diversity and LGBTI * Q have been taking advantage of this for some time to unsettle people.
It was not until the beginning of September that a “Freedom of Speech Bus” from the “Demo for All” alliance toured Germany: The large orange-colored bus with exclusionary motifs against “marriage for everyone”, against rainbow families (families with same-sex parents) and against trans people made a total of eight Cities stop to raise awareness of the alleged early sexualization of children.
Homo opponents unsettle young people!
The “Demo for Everyone”, originally created around AfD politician Beatrix von Storch, was initially directed against school education about homosexuality and transsexuality. She now fights against every area of an open and colorful society and LGBTI * Q rights.
These alliances, which usually reach a few thousand people on social networks, not only encourage opponents of education and diversity, but also unsettle young people in the coming-out process!
BILD explains the most important terms!
▶︎ LESBIAN AND GAY ... are attracted to people of the same sex.
▶︎ HETEROSEXUAL PEOPLE ... feel drawn to people of the opposite sex.
▶︎ BISEXUAL PEOPLE ... feel drawn to the same and opposite sex.
▶︎ CISEX PEOPLE ... identify with the gender they were assigned at birth.
▶︎ FOR TRANSGENDER (ALSO TRANSSEXUAL OR TRANS *) PEOPLE ... their gender does not correspond to the gender they were assigned at birth. In plain language: Boys are born with female body characteristics as "girls" (trans * boy / man), girls with male body characteristics as "boys" (trans * girl / woman). In the course of life, the desire for legal and medical gender reassignment (see video) can arise. Gender does not provide any information about sexual orientation.
▶︎ GENDER * VARIOUS PEOPLE ... do not assign themselves to either of the two genders, locate themselves "between" the genders or belong to another, e.g. a third gender. The term transgender includes all transgender affiliations.
▶︎ IN INTERGEN PEOPLE ... (also intersex, intersex or inter *) the physical sex characteristics do not correspond to the medically established exclusively female or male manifestations. Intersex is partly evident at birth, as it can be recognized by the external appearance of the body, and partly later in life, often during puberty.
▶︎ QUEER ... is often used today to refer to non-heterosexual and non-cis-sex people as a whole. The originally derogatory meaning of the word in the sense of deviant, abnormal or weird has been reinterpreted in a self-confident, empowering self-description since the 1990s. That's why the Facebook page for all LGBTI * Q topics at BILD is called: Queer Bild!
▶︎ HETERONORMATIVITY ... describes the social norm of the two gender categories female and male, as well as the norm of opposite-sex desire between women and men. Both are seen as natural and remain largely unquestioned. Sexual and gender diversity, d. H. a non-heterosexual orientation and a non-cis-gender affiliation deviates from this norm.
▶︎ COMING-OUT ... refers to the recognition (inner coming-out) and possibly making it public (outer coming-out) of one's own sexual orientation or gender. In the course of the inner coming-out, a person becomes aware that they are non-heterosexual or cis-sex and deals with this feeling. Whether and if so, when and to whom people want to talk about their feelings is an individual decision.
* Explanatory texts: German Youth Institute
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