What did Allah say about forgiveness
Friday sermon (PDF)
الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاء وَالضَّرَّاء وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ
وَاللّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ.
As an ethical term, forgiveness means to forgive; To forgive people who do evil and injustice, who commit crimes and sins, as well as to wrongly acting persons and, as a consequence, to refrain from punishing these persons.1 Forgiveness is characteristic of humans and is mentioned in the Qur'an as worthy of praise. Our exalted Lord Allah says the following in the verse recited at the beginning: “[They are ...] who spend in joy and sorrow and hold back their resentments and forgive people. And Allah loves those who do good. ”2 With this, Allah positions the act of bestowal, the suppression of anger, and forgiveness within the scope of goodness and counts among His loved ones those who do these things.
The way to forgive is through love. People who love one another are, as the prophet says: “Those who do not feel hatred for one another, who do not envy one another, who do not turn their backs on one another and those who do not break off contact with one another. Nor are they offended one another for more than three days. Rather, they are brothers and sisters of one another, just as Allah commands. ”3 According to the Turkish poet Yunus Emre, they follow the principle“ We love the creature, for the sake of the Creator ”and thus constitute love among people and simplify the act of forgiveness. In doing so, they achieve a lot of benefits from a religious point of view as well as from a spiritual and spiritual point of view.
My dear brothers and sisters!
Man is a creature. Just as he is sometimes disobedient to his Lord Allah and thus does himself injustice, so he is also able to do injustice to other people. The task of a Muslim cannot be to respond immediately to an injustice suffered. Because then we would have succumbed to our anger, as our prophet describes this fact very succinctly: "A hero is not the one who defeats his opponent in a fight, but rather the one who suppresses his anger at the moment of anger." we should do in such a case is to be patient. For our Prophet tells us that "Allah the Exalted will increase the honor of those who exercise patience, even though an injustice has been done to them."
We also see the finest examples of forgiveness in the life of the prophet who was sent to us as the finest example. For this reason we should obey the Prophet, whom Allah addressed as follows: “Exercise forbearance, command what is right and turn away from the ignorant!” 6 We should imitate the Prophet, who himself prayed to hostile and malicious people in the following way: "Oh Allah! Forgive my people, for they are ignorant of what they are doing. ”7 We should also take the prophet Yusuf (Joseph) as an example, who said to his brothers who left him in the well:“ Do not be blamed today. May Allah forgive you! For He is the Most Merciful, Most Merciful. ”8
Let us end our sermon with a supplication from the prophet. "Oh Allah! You are the most forgiving and love to forgive. So forgive me and also all believers! ”9
Religious Commissioner, Ulu Mosque, Heubach
1. Al-i İmran suresi 134
2. Buhari, Edeb 57
3. Buhari, Edeb 76
4. Tirmizi, Zühd 17
5. Araf Suresi 199
6. Ebu Davud, Edeb 4
7. Yusuf suresi 92
8. Tirmizi, Daavât 84
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