What is the TDS of DM water

TDS value

The TDS value is a chemical parameter and represents - as an abbreviation for the English expression 'total dissolved solids' - the totality of all inorganic and organic substances dissolved in a solvent.

Common units for specifying the TDS value are ppm (parts per million parts) and mg / L (mg per liter).

A TDS value is therefore a purely quantitative value for the amount of substances that are dissolved in a water sample, for example; however, it does not allow any conclusions to be drawn about the nature and properties of these substances.

The TDS measurement is often used to assess the water quality of bodies of water, drinking water, industrial water, wastewater, etc. Each of these waters naturally or for technical reasons carries a certain amount of substances with it. In natural waters, the amount of substance depends, among other things, on geological factors; Due to the salt dissolved in it, seawater has a significantly higher TDS value than freshwater. And drinking water should contain as few foreign substances as possible.

 

Table: TDS values

The following table shows some TDS values ​​or TDS ranges for various types of water.

waterdetailTDS rangeRemarks
Pure water0 mg / L
Freshwaterfrom natural sources30 to 6000 mg / Ldepending on the geological conditions
Rio Grandein the spring510 mg / Lnear El Paso, Texas
in the autumn610 mg / Lnear El Paso, Texas
Sea waterSalt water > 5000 mg / LWHO [1]
35000 mg / LFrequently encountered TDS concentration in the oceans
Baltic Sea~ 7000 mg / Laverage value
Red Sea~ 45000 mg / Laverage value
Drinking waterVery good taste assessment <300 mg / LWHO [1]
Good taste assessment300 - 600 mg / LWHO [1]
Bad taste assessment600 - 900 mg / LWHO [1]
Assessment of taste unacceptable > 1200 mg / LWHO [1]
United States <500 mg / LRecommendation according to the US drinking water standard, 1996

 

Measurement

 

Gravimetry

The most reliable and precise, but also the most complex method for determining the TDS value is gravimetry: the solvent (water) is removed from the sample by evaporation or drying and the residue is determined by weighing. If necessary, the behavior of highly volatile substances must be taken into account.

Example: If a residue of 1.205 g remains from a sample of half a liter of water, the TDS value (based on 1 liter of water sample) is 1205 mg * 2 = 2410 mg / L.

 

Conductivity measurement

The indirect determination of TDS values ​​via the conductivity of the water sample is widespread. However, there are a few things to consider when using this measurement method:

Basics:

Pure water has only a very low electrical conductivity. If you add substances to the water that release free-path, electrically landed ions (electrolytes), such as salts, acids or alkalis, the conductivity increases depending on the type and concentration of these ions as well as the temperature (mobility of the Ions).

The following table shows the dependence of the conductivity - given in μS / cm - on the type and concentration of some selected ions at a given temperature (25 ° C):

 

TDS [ppm]Weight%NaClNaOHNH4OHNH3HClH2SO4ENT2HFSO2HAc
10,0012,26,24,16,611,78,86,8106,44,2
30,00036,58,38,3125,06,12030187,4
100,00121,461,1172711685,667995415
300,0036482314934025119929015030,6
1000,012106035884114080565763045063
3000,03617178010215033902180195014901200114
10000,119905820189275111006350638024203600209
30000,356901690032946532200158001890051007900368
100001,0176005320049081010300048500600001170017200640
300003,048600144000790111028300014100017200034700327001120
500005,078300223000958111543200023700027500062000420001230
10000010,014000035800011151120709000427000498000118000610001530
20000020,02260004140009684251850000709000763000232300total1600
30000030,0total292000725total7320008280008610003900001405
40000040,0191000460total7700008200001080
50000050,0150000285620000717000740
75000075,0totaltotal182000340000168
10000001000050000

 

Density measurement

An alternative option for pure salt solutions (sodium chloride, NaCl) is to determine the salt content via density; a corresponding table is listed under sodium chloride solution density table. Measuring devices for determining the density of liquids are commercially available under the name densimeter.

 

rating

Overall, the determination of the TDS value is very specific to the sample, application and objective. The measurement is usually only suitable in connection with a known setpoint. If the TDS value suddenly deviates from a normally measured value, this is an indication that something is wrong with the sample and that further measures and measurements are required.

 

Sources and further information

 

TDS measuring devices, salinity measuring devices: sources of supply, purchasing

* Salinity Meters - Product Selection.

* TDS meter - selection of TDS meters in the ChemLin chemistry shop.

* Conductivity Meters - Selection.

 

Sources and Articles:

[1] - Total dissolved solids in drinking water. WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, 2nd ed. Vol. 2., Geneva, (1996).

 


Updated on December 05, 2017.

Permalink: https://www.internetchemie.info/chemie-lexikon/t/tds-wert.php



© 1996 - 2021 Internetchemie ChemLin