How does a country benefit from immigration?

society Migration - advantage instead of burden

Around 1.8 million years ago, Homo Erectus emigrated from Africa to Eurasia in the hope of better chances of survival. Migration is not rocket science. Unsurprisingly, humans choose to choose their surroundings in their favor and should therefore not be viewed as a controversial phenomenon. It is imperative that we do not ignore the repercussions if migrants are not properly welcomed - we need to prepare and be constantly aware of this so that history does not repeat itself so that migration is a real fear.

Our global community today is the result of countless migrations. These movements turn out to be decisive factors in shaping humanity: From the beginning, migration is everything we have ever known: One might think that after so much cultural diversity, nationality, origin or skin color should no longer play a role . However, this remains a dream that we have not yet achieved. However, it can be achieved by fully understanding what migration brings and the inevitable harm it does. Therefore, the following questions remain relevant: What factors are changing the way we perceive migration? With this in mind, how should we finally perceive the phenomenon?

Any discussion on migration should include several points of view: "When we talk about the advantages and disadvantages of migration, it is important to consider who these advantages or disadvantages apply to - the state or the individual," explains Asya Markova, philosopher and Migration expert.

"When we talk about the advantages and disadvantages of migration, it is important to note who these advantages or disadvantages apply to - the state or the individual."

Asya Markova, philosopher and migration expert.


The case for the host countries

For Ioana Musat, migration has been the obvious path since she remembers - both the situation in the country of origin and the future prospects in the host country determined the outlines of her career: “The unsatisfactory circumstances in my country of origin were the direct cause of my decision to go to the country after school to leave. On the other hand, it was above all politics, business and the numerous educational opportunities in Germany that convinced me to move here for my studies, ”she says. Born in Romania, she has lived in Germany for five years - today she is studying law here.

"... politics, business and the numerous educational opportunities in Germany have convinced me to move here for my studies"

Ioana Mușat - student in Germany

It was not just her professional career that made her aware that integration and migration are particularly relevant in Germany. She herself was involved in these issues: “In my experience and opinion, as a foreigner you can only speak of integration if you are prepared to adapt to the host country yourself. Mastering the German language at the conversational level is clearly an advantage and a prerequisite, as well as a willingness to adapt to the society of the new country. However, one can never speak of complete integration: every migrant brings his previous cultural experiences and habits with him, which are already part of his personality and nature. Whether this enriches German society or whether it creates conflicts depends on one's personal attitude. " It is indeed strange that many residents of the receiving countries view migration as a means of conflict rather than a means of cultural enrichment.

Although migration has the potential to educate and bring about mutual development, it is often misused because there are no meeting places. In most cases this leads to friction between locals and migrants. First of all, migration undoubtedly creates difficulties for host countries, which is why it is viewed as so reproachful. However, this does not lead to any long-term damage for the countries mentioned, since most of these negative aspects only have temporary effects, explains education and migration researcher Prof. Dr. Anselm Böhmer: “Disadvantages are certainly the necessary financial benefits for the admission of new people into the education, health and social system. However, there are now model calculations that show how such investments 'pay off' in the future. Another disadvantage is the need for change in the host country - new people always require the adaptation of the people who have previously lived here if you actually want to live together. "

"New people always require the adaptation of the people who have lived here up to now, if you actually want to live together."

Prof. Dr. Anselm Böhmer, education and migration researcher

On the other hand, countless studies have shown that migration is indeed a means of mutual development, which refutes the myths mentioned. Immigrants can bring energy and innovation with them and enrich the host countries through cultural diversity. “Migrants are not just a burden,” explains Böhmer, “as workers, as new citizens or simply as young people in an aging society like in many European countries, they have important things to offer in order to ensure the future prosperity of all people in a host country enable. These are some of the benefits of migration for host countries - there are many more to be found. "

Studies show that immigrants actually help maintain economic growth rather than harm it. Research done with Citigroup, for example, suggests that two-thirds of US growth since 2011 can be attributed directly to migration. It is also a fact that new workers who are carried away by migration fill pension gaps, not to mention their contribution to taxes. In the Department of Education, migration seems to give failing schools in host countries, including those with declining numbers, a second chance, allowing them to transform through the newly arrived potential.

The case for countries of origin

It is clear that emigration can be beneficial to migrants, but only provided that their rights are adequately protected in their new environment. “When we talk about the rights of migrants, the focus is on the welfare of individuals and not on the interests of the state. In this sense, migration is advantageous if it promotes self-fulfillment of those affected ”, says Markova and underlines the fact that migration can be economically advantageous for both the countries of origin and the receiving countries. With the current economic and trade structures, however, it is primarily the rich and powerful countries that benefit. When asked about the treatment of migrants in relation to the economy of the host country, Markova can only answer from experience: “Discrimination in Germany against migrants? Yes, but it is less pronounced than in my home country Bulgaria. Especially with regard to Roma and refugees. Perhaps this difference is due to the economic strength of Germany, but perhaps also to a political culture of open society that is pronounced in Germany- ”While emigrants see a promise for better conditions in wealthier countries, they should not take advantage of the possibility that they are exploited. Given these facts, what does migration look like in the countries of origin?

On the one hand, the countries mentioned are obviously disadvantaged by migration from the loss of young workers and highly qualified people, especially health workers, studies say. In addition, migration is also a major contributor to the growing numbers in nuclear families where children grow up without a broader family circle, an inevitable problem that has no solution.

In contrast, developing countries that serve as countries of origin in this process can actually benefit from remittances (payments sent home by migrants) that often exceed development aid. Markova confirms this: "With regard to the countries of origin, one can say that if the migrants remain connected to their country of origin - which is usually the case, they contribute a lot to the economic and social development of the country."

"Migration is advantageous if it promotes self-realization for those affected."

Asya Markova, philosopher and migration expert.

A study shows that the sending countries benefit indirectly from the brain drain in the medium term, as these skilled workers can innovate more in the industrialized countries, from which the sending countries can benefit as a positive externality. As a result, emigration also leads to more economic growth and an improvement in prosperity in the long term.

Migration is a very controversial issue. Migration is also, as stated, a part of nature. As I showed in my post, the local myths are the only downsides to migration - but they are mere stories. It is normal to be afraid of change. But it is up to us to overcome this fear in order to better understand what it takes to take humanity at least one step further.