How many Chinese are there
country and people
country and people
The People's Republic of China (PR China) is the most populous country in the world with 1.3 billion inhabitants. That means: almost every fifth person worldwide is Chinese. Around 22 million people live in the capital Beijing alone - and Beijing is only one of 42 cities with more than two million inhabitants. For comparison: in Germany only Berlin is home to more than two million people.
The PR China was founded in 1949 by Mao Zedong. The Chinese commemorate the founding of the state every year on their national holiday (October 1st). In the week around October 1st, all Chinese are on vacation and are in the travel bug. The means of transport are correspondingly full and the whole of China is bustling about at the country's most popular sights. Of course, the roots of Chinese history go back even further, namely around 5,000 years, i.e. to the second millennium BC.
The PRC has always been ruled by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The most powerful man in China is the head of state; President Xi Jinping has held this office since 2013. The head of government, i.e. Prime Minister of the State Council, has been Li Keqiang since 2013.
The PR China is a secular state with a strict separation of religion and state. Expression of this atheistic state ideology: the majority of the Chinese do not profess any denomination. Nevertheless, five faiths are officially recognized: Buddhism, Islam, Taoism and a Protestant and a Catholic state church.
The renminbi is the official currency and translated means “the people's money”. One euro is currently around 7.3 renminbi. So far, so clear. But two other terms are used for the currency, namely yuan and, colloquially, kuai. Granted, this is a bit confusing. The following is important to know: Renminbi means the currency as such, while the actual amount of money is given in Yuan. In department stores, prices are given in yuan.
The PRC is huge, believe it or not, 9.6 million square kilometers. Only Russia, Canada and the USA are larger in terms of area. So much space is synonymous with a very diverse landscape: The VR runs through dry steppe landscapes and deserts as well as lush river plains and huge mountain ranges. In addition, the third largest river (Yangtze River) flows here and the sixth largest inland lake (Qinghai) in the world rests. Despite the huge area, there is only one time zone, but 18 different climate zones. For example, in the north it is continental, in the south it is subtropical. Already knew? The city of Chongqing is also called the “fog capital” because of the very high humidity.
Here are a few examples of the different climates:
- Beijing: muggy and hot summer, cold and dry winter months.
- Hong Kong: hot and rainy summer months, warm and dry autumn months.
- Shanghai: muggy summer, humid winter months.
The national language is High Chinese, or Putonghua, known in Germany as Mandarin. In addition to Putonghua, there are many very different regional languages, as well as the minority languages Mongolian, Tibetan, Uighur, Turkic languages and Korean. The spicy thing is: a man from Beijing will not understand a woman from Shanghai, provided they both speak their respective regional dialect. However, they would get along brilliantly in writing. Because the writing is one and the same. Speaking of writing: At the beginning it is difficult to learn it and thus the language. But at least: the grammar is quite easy to understand. So go ahead!
Family cohesion is of great importance. Children who no longer live in the parental home take care of their parents financially as well as in all other matters. While it used to be a tradition for several generations to live under one roof, families are now often smaller. This is due, among other things, to the one-child policy, which was prescribed until recently. Even today, the Chinese treat older people with great respect. Life experience and dignity are ascribed to them and respect is shown to them.
Eating is an important part of Chinese culture and therefore also of family life: A lot of time is spent cooking and eating together. The dishes are very diverse and sometimes unusual for Germans. It starts with breakfast, which usually consists of warm dishes. For example from “Zhou” (a kind of rice soup), “Mantou” (steamed yeast bun) or “Youtiao” (the Chinese variant of the croissant). It is worth trying, for example at the many small food stalls or bustling markets that exist across the country. Much of the Chinese cuisine is very healthy and tastes fantastic. So don't despair, just be a little brave and adventurous.
Parents play an active role in shaping their children's educational and professional path. Most of the time, they bring up their children with a certain rigor, which usually leaves less room for discussion than young people from Germany are used to. In China, elementary school takes six years and middle school takes three years. The Abitur can then be completed with appropriate performance. The high school diploma is called Gaokao, literally the big exam. To achieve this, many Chinese students start drumming as early as their teenage years.
A class usually consists of 50 students and a school day often lasts from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. As a rule, it begins with a morning parade or morning exercise. It continues just as lively. Because Chinese students have to cope with a large workload, including a lot of homework, which is checked by the teachers the next day. But don't worry: exchange students don't have to do this workload. A little tip: Often exciting work groups are offered, for example calligraphy, tai chi or table tennis.
Twitter, WhatsApp and YouTube are irrelevant in China. Instead, Weibo, WeChat and Youku are used. First things first: Weibo is a Twitter-like microblog service, WeChat is like WhatsApp and Youku is the equivalent of YouTube.
The sinonerds shine with a lot of detailed knowledge about China:
Learning Chinese made easy:
Zeitbild Wissen provides a lot of information about the People's Republic of China:
Interesting infographic about China's megacities:
The Federal Foreign Office offers facts and figures on the People's Republic of China:
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