How popular is rap music in Japan
Embassy of Japan in Germany
在 ド イ ツ 日本国 大使館
There are three traditional forms of Japanese theater: The musical dance drama nô originated in the 14th century. The set is simple, the performers wear traditional masks and costumes. The lyrics are sung and the movements are very slow and stylized. From its forerunner, the sarugaku have the humorous aspects as kyôgen survived that traditionally in the breaks between nô-Games are listed.
The puppet theater bunraku was first performed in the 16th century. The dolls are half life size and very realistic. Each doll is moved by three people who are dressed in black but are visible.
Kabuki originated in the 17th century. Kabuki is full of dramatic, action-packed scenes and stage effects, ornate and colorful costumes.Kabuki-Theaters have a catwalk (hanamichi), which reaches into the audience and brings the plot closer. As with nô there are only male actors who play female roles onnagata called.
Modern theater (shingeki) as well as the plays of famous western dramaturges are also popular in Japan.
In Japan not only the classical music is very popular but also modern western music, e.g. jazz, blues, rock, pop, rap, hiphop and much more.
In this country there is also instrumental Japanese folk music, especially the wadaiko (Japanese big drum) growing in popularity.
The fine arts
Woodcut printing is one of the many styles of Japanese painting. Ukiyoe, a well-known style, originated in the 17th century. Ukiyoe- Prints show people and scenes from nature, daily life and the theater world. Wood printing is still very popular. School children learn to make simple woodblock prints and some people use this technique to design their own New Year cards.
In many places you can still admire traditional architecture, especially at temples and shrines, of which there are countless in Japan - also e.g. in Tokyo in the middle of very modern houses. Carpenters mastered the art of building without screws or nails, just by joining the wooden parts. Stone was used almost exclusively for the fortification walls of palaces and castles.
Today the skyscrapers are growing higher and higher due to the shortage of land. The new airport in Osaka was built on an artificial island in the sea. The names of great modern architects such as Tadao Andô are also known abroad.
In Japan, many handicrafts are part of the fine arts. The most famous include ceramics, papermaking, textiles, lacquerware, and wood carving.
A sturdy, beautiful paper (washi) is still made by hand. This paper is used for many artistic and practical purposes.
Special centuries-old dyeing and weaving techniques are still used in textile production today. Traditional patterns are declared national treasures. Lacquerware is elegant and beautiful, and if handled carefully, it will last for years. The oldest colors are still the most popular: red and black.
The Japanese ceramic craft is already 12,000 years old. Pottery is evidence of traces of an early civilization. Traditional ceramics have patterns and glazes that are unique to Japanese pottery and that have been passed on from one ceramic artist to the next over the centuries. In modern times, ceramic production has become a studio art and beautiful specimens are as sought-after as famous pictures or sculptures.
Wood carving is also one of the important traditional arts. Ornate carvings adorn temples and many houses have wooden trays, graceful ones kokeshiDolls and other toys.
The curricula in Japanese schools include the classics of Japanese literature, i.e. old collections of poetry like that Man'yôshû, early novels like The story of Prince Genji and stories in diary form like The pillow book of Be Shonagon.
Modern Japanese literature attracted international attention when the author Kenzaburô Ôe received the Nobel Prize in 1994, as did the novelist Yasunari Kawabata in 1968. Other internationally recognized writers of the 20th century are Soseki Natsume, Yukio Mishima, Jun'ichirô Tanizaki and Kôbô Abe.
They are now also popular here manga-Comics. Authors like Osamu Tezuka started manga to be regarded as serious literature, some of which is written for adults and some for children. More and more often they are filmed as cartoons.
The fifties are considered the golden age of Japanese film. Akira Kurosawa's numerous samurai films are particularly famous. Yasujirô Ôzu and Kenji Mizoguchi are also known from that time. In the meantime, however, modern directors such as Juzô Itami (Tampopo) successful abroad.
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