How common is food poisoning

Food Infections: Causes & Prevention

trigger Symptoms and Complications incubation period typical foods annotationCampylobacter (Bacterium)

Watery, slimy and bloody diarrhea, fever and muscle pain are possible.
Complications: e.g. Guillain-Barre syndrome

2-11 days Raw or insufficiently heated poultry meat, ready-to-eat dishes that have been contaminated after preparation or during storage (cross-contamination), raw milk, contaminated drinking water, contact with sick animals (especially young dogs and cats) most common cause of food infections, survives on damp surfaces for up to several weeks.Salmonella (Bacterium)Nausea, diarrhea, fever, vomiting, circulatory problems and abdominal cramps, dehydration 6-72 hoursRaw or insufficiently heated animal foods (e.g. eggs, poultry, meat from other animal species and raw milk), self-made products that contain raw eggs (e.g. tiramisu, mayonnaise, creams and ice cream), infection through cross-contamination, contaminated drinking water

Can multiply very quickly at temperatures between 10 to 47 degrees Celsius.
Hardly multiply when refrigerated, but are not killed by freezing. Heating to at least plus 70 degrees Celsius for at least 15 seconds kills salmonella.

Listeria
(Bacterium) Diarrhea, flu-like symptoms with headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, in severe cases meningitis (meningoencephalitis), sepsis. During pregnancy: premature birth or miscarriage. 3-70 days Raw animal foods, sliced ​​and packaged sausages, unpasteurized raw milk
(products), cheese with a greasy rind (e.g. Brie, Roquefort), cold smoked fishBe careful during pregnancy!
They multiply even at low temperatures, e.g. in the refrigerator.Verotoxin
forming Escherichia coli
(VTEC, bacterium) Watery diarrhea (sometimes bloody), severe nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, possibly fever, possible complication: hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) (especially in small children) 1–3 (maximum 8) days Carry-over from the intestine (feces) to food of all kinds (fecal contamination), especially raw, not fully cooked beef, unpasteurized milk (products), but also green leafy vegetables, sprouts, spinach that were cultivated on fields fertilized with cattle manure and consumed raw become. Treatment with antibiotics is contraindicated because the bacteria produce more toxins when exposed to antibiotics.Toxoplasmosis (Parasite) mostly symptom-free, in severe cases: encephalitis. Initial infection in pregnant women can lead to malformations in the child or miscarriage.

10–23 days after consumption of cysts in raw meat,
5–20 days via oocytes (e.g. vegetables contaminated with cat feces)

raw meat (especially sheep and pork)Be careful during pregnancy!
Main transmission via cat feces, gardening (wear gloves).Noroviruses
(Virus)gushing vomiting and diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, muscle pain (myalgia) and fatigue15-48 hoursdirectly from person to person or indirectly via contaminated surfaces, objects, food or water.Highly contagious! Are responsible for the majority of non-bacterial diarrheal diseases in children and adults (e.g. in schools, hospitals, retirement and nursing homes).