Where can I learn HTML

Learn to code in HTML

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language and is considered the core language in the World Wide Web. However, HTML is not a programming language in the true sense of the word, but - as can be seen from the ML = Markup Language - a so-called markup language. As a result, HTML is a machine-readable computer language that enables you to integrate and structure your texts, images, videos and other content on websites. In the following you will learn a lot about HTML and why it probably makes sense for you to learn HTML.

HTML is based on XML (Extensible Markup Language). This is also a markup language for displaying data in a text file in a hierarchical structure. The most important unit for structuring an XML document is the element. Individual elements are enclosed in angle brackets (<>) are set and nested. This is how a structure tree grows, starting with the root element. This is read out, processed and visually reproduced by the respective browser.

Table of Contents

Why should you learn HTML?

HTML is used on almost every website on the web. If you want to become a front-end web developer, you will inevitably have to deal with HTML. But don't panic, HTML is so popular and ubiquitous for a reason: HTML is easy to learn and just as easy to use.

Extremely widespread

To claim that HTML is widespread would be a subtle understatement: HTML is a fundamental cornerstone of the World Wide Web, on which virtually every one of the 1.74 billion websites (as of January 2020) is based. It is predominantly front-end web developers who use HTML to make web content easy to read and to present it clearly.

It's easy

If you have little or no programming knowledge and still dream of becoming a programmer, HTML offers you a good introduction to the subject. HTML is easy to learn and use and gently introduces you to the world of programming. HTML will also help you understand fundamental concepts that many other computer languages ​​are based on more quickly.

Useful and important to many

Whether a front-end web developer, website operator or blogger, mastering HTML is a very useful skill for many people who work on the Internet. Suppose you are an author and write commissioned work that you have to enter independently on the customers' websites.

Although this now works without in-depth knowledge of HTML, for example using content management systems such as WordPress or Wix, you will quickly notice in this industry: It is generally helpful to know how to format a website using simple HTML commands.

Improves job and career opportunities

If you are striving for a job in online business, the HTML skills you have acquired and documented in your résumé are of great value. This is especially true of the Frontend development as well as social media and content management. The professional handling of HTML is a useful and valued quality there.

Low entry barriers

If you want to deal with HTML, you can start right away: All you need is a computer with a text editor and browser. A web server or hosting provider is not required to learn HTML.

What is HTML used for?

Primarily to bring structure to a website. The look can also be changed via HTML, but there are now better tools for this. A website consists of various components, such as icons, headings, texts, images and menus. In addition, page visitors can interact with the website, mostly via links, buttons or forms. For all of this, HTML provides its own elements that are used when developing the website.

To do this, you write the elements - using the correct syntax - in a text file. If you do not open this file in the text editor, but in the browser, the browser recognizes the elements and displays them - and you have created a static website.

But with HTML you can not only create websites, but much more - after all, wherever HTML is in it, CSS and JavaScript are also included. These three elementary computer languages ​​can also be used to program web applications, video games or apps for mobile devices.

Are you wondering how these languages ​​are related? HTML takes care of the structure and content of a website, CSS takes care of the design. JavaScript, in turn, is responsible for the “behavior” of the website (interaction). As a result, the basis of a modern website consists of at least three files.

HTML & CSS are an almost inseparable pair

It is possible to use HTML exclusively to design a website, but this is not the norm. Most of the time, HTML is used to structure a website in terms of content, but another language usually helps with the layout and appearance: the stylesheet language CSS.

The reason for this is very simple: HTML offers too few options in terms of the design of text and image properties and therefore needs support from CSS. HTML works well for embedding images and videos, or creating tables and lists. It becomes more difficult when you try to use HTML to change the font, the text color or the position of elements.

It is therefore advisable to learn HTML and CSS at the same time.

HTML and HTML5 - are there any differences?

HTML is the original version and dates from 1992. In October 2014, the 5th version, called HTML5, appeared, which brought numerous improvements and new vocabulary with it. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and the Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group (WHATWG) are responsible for further development.

New features in HTML5

HTML 4.0 appeared in 1997 and remained virtually unchanged in the following years - even though the Internet was changing rapidly during this time. Whereas in the 1990s the focus was still on the presentation of content, the focus has increasingly shifted to interaction. The integration of social media links or comment functions was previously only possible via external plug-ins; only HTML5 made the integration of these functions easier. The main innovations concern

  • structuring elements,
  • Multimedia content,
  • interactive elements and
  • Form elements.

Structuring elements

One of the most important innovations in HTML5 was the introduction of structuring elements. This includes sections ([section]), navigation bars ([nav]), headers and footers ([header] and [footer]) as well as independent content within a document ([article]). These structuring elements increase the chances of achieving a good ranking in the search results, as they make it easier for the search engines to crawl. Search engines use special bots, so-called web crawlers, to index websites, which “crawl” from one URL to the next.

Multimedia content

HTML5 allows what was previously only possible via external plug-ins: the integration of audio and video files. These can be integrated into the website using the commands and in the same way as images ([img]).

Interactive elements

Interactive elements can also be built into a website using HTML5. These include, for example, fold-out components ([details]) including the associated heading that is permanently displayed ([summary]). With the command [menu] you can create context menus.

Form elements

The range of form elements has been expanded with HTML5. It is possible that suggestions for autocompletion are displayed when filling out the form ([datalist]). The completion progress can also be visualized by means of a display using the [progress] command.

Other advantages of HTML5

In addition to the aforementioned specific innovations compared to HTML4, HTML5 has other general advantages. The code is clearer, more structured and therefore less prone to errors. This makes later checks easier and at the same time increases the compatibility of the programmed websites with the various browsers.

Where can I learn HTML?

There are countless places to go online if you want to learn JavaScript. The choice can be a bit overwhelming, however. So I have the best (German-speaking) courses and content collected in the following section.

Personally, I think highly of the online courses and have taught myself JavaScript with two such courses at udemy.com.

Learn HTML in online courses

The main advantage of professional, paid online courses is that higher quality. The information is structured and well thought out. The learning content is always and everywhere available and can be repeated or paused as often as you like so that everyone can learn at their own pace. In some cases there is also additional learning material. With some providers there is also a certificate of completion.

Udemy.com - The Ultimate Complete HTML5 and CSS3 Course

Ruben Winkler's course covers a total of 32 hours of video learning material, 1 written article and 240 materials for download. In the course you really learn everything you need to program your own simple website with the help of HTML and CSS. After a short introduction to the basics, the aim of the course is to complete an HTML website, which is designed with CSS.

More than 13,000 participants have booked this course so far. With a rating of 4.8 out of 5 points from 2,000 ratings this course is by far the best-rated bestseller on udemy.com. I also booked this course and was overall very satisfied with the way the knowledge was imparted and the content of the course.

Tip: Udemy regularly offers discounts for new customers so that you can save a lot.

Learning HTML at a distance university

Some distance universities also offer suitable courses in which you usually learn HTML as part of a web developer course. Most of the time, the costs for distance learning are of course somewhat higher, but the quality of the courses should also be high. Another benefit is that too certificate, which is awarded by the distance universities and recognized by employers becomes.

HTML books

HTML5 and CSS3 for beginners: the easy way to your own website

This book by Paul Fuchs is the bestseller on Amazon.de. It is aimed at beginners without prior knowledge. With the help of the book you can learn everything you need to know to create your own website with HTML and CSS. In addition to all basic knowledge, current and advanced techniques are also taught, such as the creation of "responsive designs" with the help of CSS. Above all, the subject of responsive design is very important today, because a website should work and be displayed correctly on all end devices.

With a rating of 4.7 out of 5 from 191 ratings it is the best-rated book on the topic on Amazon.de.

Learn HTML with Youtube Videos

Since HTML is extremely widespread and also very easy to learn, there are also many good German-language tutorials and courses for beginners on YouTube. Overall, I found the “Simplex” course to be very helpful and easy to understand. On 5 short videos distributed, you get everything you need to create a simple website with HTML.

FAQ: Frequently asked questions about HTML

Is It Hard To Learn HTML?

Not necessarily, moderate programming skills and a normal text editor such as the Windows editor or Notepad ++ are sufficient to program an HTML page.

Is HTML a programming language?

No, strictly speaking, HTML is not a programming language, but a markup language (English Markup Language = ML in HTML). Markup languages ​​are used to structure websites.

Is HTML still being used?

Naturally. HTML has been around since 1992 and remains the leading standard for websites. Learning HTML is therefore always recommended. Even if you want to use the scripting language PHP, for example, to integrate something, you have to create a link to an HTML page - otherwise browsers cannot do anything with it.

How did HTML come about?

The foundation stone was laid in 1989 at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research). There were problems exchanging data there - due to different network infrastructures. The British computer scientist Timothy John Berners-Lee worked from then on on a solution that was based on the principle of hypertext. The first HTML version appeared on November 3, 1992.