Is Eid prayer fard or wajib

The two 'id prayers for each individual at home

Praise be to Allah ..



The two 'Id prayers are an individual duty of every man who is able to do so. This is the more correct of the scholars' views, as was explained in the answer to question no. (48983).
If you are unable to go to prayer because of your health situation, you are no longer obliged to do so. Is it lawful for you to do it at home? Legal scholars have different opinions on this. Unlike the Hanafis, the majority of scholars believe that it is lawful.

Al-Muzani narrated from Ash-Shafi'i, may Allah have mercy on him, in "Mukhatasar Al-Umm" (8/125):

"The individual, the traveler, the slave and the woman perform the 'Id prayers alone at home."

[End of quote]

Al-Kharaschi (Maliki) said:
“It is desirable that the one who missed the 'Id prayer with the Imam that he pray it (anyway). Should he now do it in a community or individually? There are two views on this. "

[End of the short quotation from "Sharh Al-Kharaschi" (2/104)]
Al-Mardawi said in "Al-Insiraf" (Hanbali):

"If he has missed the prayer (ie the 'Id prayer), it is desirable that he performs it according to his form (himself) (namely as the Imam does it)."
[End of quote]

Ibn Qudama said in "Al-Mughni" (Hanbali):

“It is up to him. If he wants, he can do it alone, and if he wants he can do it in the community. "
[End of quote]

In "Ad-Durr Al-Mukhtar" with the "Haschiyah" of Ibn 'Abidin (2/175) (Hanafi) it is said:
"He shouldn't do it alone if he missed the prayer behind the Imam."

[End of quote]
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyya has chosen the view of the Hanafis, and Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaimin, may Allah have mercy on him, considered it more correct, as it is in "Ash-Sharh Al-Mumti'" (5/156) was cited.

In the judgments (fatawa) of the Standing Committee on Judgments (8/306) it is said:
“The two fixed prayers ('Id prayers) are a communal duty (Fard Kifaya). When a sufficient group does it, sin falls away from the remnant. And whoever misses the prayer and (nevertheless) wants to perform it, it is desirable, and he should perform it in its (real) form, without an address (khutbah) afterwards. This view was held by Imam Malik, Ash-Shafi'i, Ahmad, An-Nakha'i and other scholars. The basis here is his, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, statement:
“When you come to prayer, come on foot, and it is your responsibility to be calm and balanced. What you then achieve from prayer, do it, and what you miss from prayer, make up for it. "

And it was narrated from Anas that if he missed the 'Id prayer with the Imam, he would round up his family and servants. Then 'Abdullah ibn Abi' Utba, his servant, would get up and perform two prayer units (raka'at) with them, in which he would say the takbeer (as in the 'id prayer). And whoever is present on the day of 'Id while the Imam is giving the speech, he should listen to it and then catch up on the prayer in order to combine these two benefits.

And with Allah is the grant of success. Allah's blessings and peace on our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions. "
[End of quote]
[Al-Lajna ad-Da'ima Lil-Buhuthi Al-'Ilmiyati Wal-Ifta]
Shaykh 'Abdulaziz ibn' Abdullah ibn Baz
Shaykh 'Abdurrazaq' Afifi

Shaykh 'Abdullah Ghudyan

And Allah knows best.